TaNaK, Old Testament, BCE, biblia, Pentateuch, Apocrypha,
creatio ex nihilo
, documentary hypothesis,
Atrahasis, etiology, Babel, ziggurat,
historicity, YHWH, Elohim, El,
Ugarit, Nuzi, Aqedah
type-scene, trickster figure
, eponym, Edom, right of primogeniture, novella,
Hyksos, levirate marriage, interpolation, Baal, Hebrews, Moses, Rameses II,
Pithom and Rameses, Prince Sea, theophany,
, Decalogue, Code of
Hammurapi, Hittite Suzerainty Treaty, royal grant, apodictic law, Covenant
Code, Ritual Decalogue,
, suzerain, vassal, monolatry, historical
prologue, stipulations, curses and blessings, tabernacle, Holiness Code, Holy of
Holies, Ark of the Covenant,
do et das
, Shema, unclean, holiness,
, Hexateuch, Merneptah stele, Iron Age I, judge, Eglon,
Jephthah’s daughter, Abimelech, Song of Deborah, Jael, Song of Hannah,
, nazirite, call narrative, funeral dirge,
TaNaK- also known as the Hebrew Bible and is composed of three parts: Torah (Pentateuch), Nevi’im
(Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings). 24 books (same as Protestant Old Testament but different order and
Old Testament- (Hebrew Bible) Recounts the biblical historical period before the birth of Christ. Jewish
Tanak, Prostestant, and Roman Catholic have different authoritative collections.
BCE- Before the common era. The historial period of the Old Testament before the birth of Jesus of
Biblia= Hebrew for little books.
Where “Bible” comes from. Refers to the chapters that compose the bible.
The time period is thought to have started around the 12
Anthology of religious literature
of Ancient Israel and early Judaism.
Pentateuch- The First 5 books of the Old Testament.
The author is uncertain but the Documentary
Hypothesis says there are different distinct sources. Known as Torah in Jewish tradition.
doublets and inconsistencies.
(Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy)
Apocrypha- “missing books” authentic jewish religious texts that were not included in the Hebrew Bible
and status for Christians debated.
century CE biblical scholar Jerome named it.
Masoretic Text- the Hebrew text of the Tanakh approved for general use in Judaism.