Study Guide – Poli 238
Ask yourself, what is the role of X in Latin America?
You want to think of
examples/illustrations and you need to be able to explain the importance/relevance of each.
might think about answering the
what, why, when, where, who, and who cares?
in Latin America include deforestation,
degradation of arable lands, and urban environmental pollution (Hillman).
Deforestation is the biggest environmental issue. The loss of biological diversity
is also critical, as well as soil erosion, fertility decline, and air pollution.
problems include flooding and landslides.
is defined as the
migration of poor into urban areas, creating urban slums (squatter settlements).
These settlers fall subject to disease and other health problems.
Deforestation and other environmental concerns often occur because pf
the expansion of commercial agricultural production, mineral and
petroleum extraction and the increase in consumer demand in the “affluent
global North,” inequitable domestic and economic and social systems, and
moderate high rates of population growth. The spread of chemical farming
has also caused many of these environmental problems.
Urbanization has occurred as a result of environmental issues, urban
industrialization, as well as the standards of living in rural areas as they
fall far behind those of urban areas. Agricultural strategies favoring
exports and land monopolies that date back to the colonial period were
instrumental in forcing glandless people to leave the countryside form the
early twentieth century on. Modern industrialization of agriculture
dispossessed large number s of peasant farmers who often migrated to
urban areas in search of employment.
Often they end up working in flood
zones or trash heaps that make them subject to disease and illnesses
because the government does not do a good job of environmental
1930s-Now (Peaked between 1950s-1980s)
: Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Argentina, Amazon Basin…
: Everyone is affected by these problems, especially the poor. The people
who live in the slums are extremely vulnerable to natural disasters, and they live
in areas with little to no waste disposal system. The government is directly
involved as they are in charge of environmental regulation.
Environmental problems lead to problems for all of these people:
the poor in Latin America, the United States (we often use the land and contribute
to the environmental problems in Latin America!), the rich (they blame the poor
for all the problems).