Ch09_Test_Bank.doc - Environmental Science Toward a...

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Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future, 12e (Wright) Chapter 9 Population and Development 1) Thailand has experienced a dramatic drop in fertility rate, increased per capita income and an increase in life expectancy between 1960 and 2005. These are all signs that Thailand A) will see a surge in population growth. B) has undergone demographic transition. C) is in the grip of the poverty-population trap. D) probably has a low literacy rate among women. Answer: B Diff: 2 LO: 1: Predicting the demographic transition 2) The social and economic changes in Thailand over the past 50 years have 3) Thailand's prospects for addressing current environmental problems are 4) Countries that have completed the demographic transition typically have
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5) Countries that have completed or nearly completed the demographic transition experienced A) the epidemiological transition and industrialization over 100 years ago. B) the epidemiological transition and industrialization within the last decade. C) a resource and technology transition that gave rise to the green revolution. D) a political and sociological transition that gave rise to increased rural lifestyles. Answer: A Diff: 2 LO: 1: Predicting the demographic transition 6) Countries caught in the poverty-population trap have experienced 7) Two conflicting approaches to helping countries through the demographic transition require different types of aid. An attempt to provide aid using both approaches might include
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