AP Gov't Review.pdf - AP Govt Review The Constitution Federalism sharing of power between the natl and the state governments representation system for

AP Gov't Review.pdf - AP Govt Review The Constitution...

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AP Gov’t Review The Constitution - Federalism: sharing of power between the nat’l and the state governments representation system for electing senators - Articles of Confederation power held by the states Problems: fed. gov’t couldn’t tax, no executive or judicial branch, Congress slow changed by Shays Rebellion - Shays Rebellion (farmers rise up from MA) = hard to raise the federal militia = got scared and wanted a strong central power to prevent mob rule - Virginia Plan: wanted proportional representation; better for large states - New Jersey Plan: wanted equal representation; better for smaller states - Connecticut Compromise (Great Compromise) - created House and Senate - Compromise: a slave is of a person for representation in Congress - Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise: Congress couldn’t tax exports or talk about slavery for 20 years (1809) - Federalist Papers: 10 - can’t stop factions (group trying to get something done) = good competition 51 - Separation of Powers; need to have a check on the gov’t; ex. federalism 78 - need for a strong judicial branch; judicial review - Checks and Balances Executive: appoints fed. judges, pardon people Judicial: executive orders or laws ruled unconstitutional - 15th Amendment: AA men get the right to vote - 19th Amendment: women get the right to vote - 23rd Amendment: DC citizens get the right to vote - 25th Amendment: vp takes over if the President can’t do the job - 26th Amendment: voting age lowered to 18 - 17th Amendment: Senators are directly elected - Marbury v. Madison: judicial review (anything in the Constitution) - Article 1: Commerce Clause Gibbons v. Ogden - steamboat monopolies federal gov’t can regulate interstate commerce (between 2+ states) - McCulloch v. Maryland - “necessary and proper clause” and Supremacy Clause - State Powers: edu., health, licenses, elections, intrastate commerce, ratify amendments 10th Amendment: Reserved Powers - Shared Powers: police, tax, courts, banks, - Fed. Powers: war, fed. courts, Expressed Powers/Enumerated Powers - 3 Ways Money is Distributed by the Federal Government 1. Categorical - most specific; reviewed by fed. gov’t; highly supervised 2. Project Grants - certain sum for general projects 3. Block Grants - lump sums of money given; more flexibility but less overall funding 4. Unfunded Mandate - don’t get money even if fed. gov’t requires a state to do something
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Branches - Reforming Electoral College and Primary System move caucus’s = more voice regional/national primaries - NH won’t have all the power (go first) simple popular vote proportional delegates (ME and NE) - Differences Between House and Senate House Senate 25 30 at least 7 years US citizen 9 years 2 year term 6 year 1-53 depending on the state 2 per state local constituency state wide - Reapportionment: every 10 years; how many total representatives you’ll have - Redistricting: redraw the actual district lines (leading party draws the lines) - Gerrymandering: drawing it in a way that gives your party power - Baker v. Carr = one person, one vote (proportionate say in their gov’t)
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  • Fall '17
  • Shea Cook
  • History, Government, NATO, Presidents, US, United States, Advanced Placement, AP

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