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Running Head: EXISTENTIALISM AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF WELL-BEING 1The Relevance of Existentialism (Sartre and Nietzsche) To the Philosophy of Well-BeingNameInstitutional AffiliationsDate
EXISTENTIALISM AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF WELL-BEING 2Existentialism is a 20th-century philosophy founded on the premise of analyzing human existence, as well as the way through which they find themselves in their world. According to existentialists, human beings exist first and then spend the rest of their life trying to change their nature, or simply, their essence. It is a term that has been broadly defined as a philosophy that pays much emphasis on human existence, freedom and freewill. The idea behind existentialism is that human beings are under obligation to define the meaning of their own lives and attempt to make rational decisions regardless of the fact that they exist in an irrational world. It centers on the question of the existence of humankind andthe sense that there exists no purpose at the core of existence (The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2016). According to existentialism assumption, since there is no higher deity or God, the only way through which human can counteract such void and, therefore, find the desired meaning of life is by embracing human existence. Based on this argument, existentialists observe that individuals are completely free and should, therefore, take personal responsibility for their lives. That is exactly why existentialism observes that action, freedom and choice are crucial, and emphasizes that the only sure way individuals can rise above the meaningless condition of humanity, often typified by anguish, sufferings and ultimate death, is by exercising their freedom and choice (Flynn, 2009). The existentialism philosophy of self-creation calls into doubt the desire-theorist’s clear-cut emphasis on the satisfaction of desires as a way of increasing well-being. This paper seeks to discuss the relevance of existentialism (Sartre and Nietzsche) to the philosophy of well-being. Existentialists often seek to answer the question of what man is. They collectively view man as a purely existing being that lacks any essence or nature of any kind. According to their philosophy, a man is not restricted by any antecedent human nature, but rather a free to determine his essence. Based on this principle, existentialists object the notion of deterministic philosophies of human behavior. They argue that if humans have an essence, it