Trajan, Rome’s Thirteenth Emperor Robin P. Newton Columbia Southern University
Trajan or Marcus Ulpius Traianus, was born in Spain on September 18, 53 A.D. He was adopted by Emperor Nerva in A.D. 97 and upon his death in A.D. 98 Trajan took the throne and became Rome’s thirteenth Emperor (A.D. 98-117.) Trajan was best known for his campaigns against Dacian’s in A.D. 101-102 and A.D. 105-106, in which he demonstrated great resiliency and determination in the battle to eliminate a defiant ruler known to Roman conversationalists as King Decebalus (Munro, 2003). In A.D. 100, Trajan recognized that in order for his army to penetrate the Danube frontier, he had to build two of the longest bridges Rome has ever seen and had 12 miles of the road cut into the Roman hillside, safeguarding Roman infrastructures and supply efforts. In A.D 101, Trajan went to war and marched forth to the Dacian’s capital. After a year and a half of continuous pressure, Trajan offered a peace treaty to Decabalus. Unfortunately, Decabalus broke the treaty and they went back to war in A.D. 105.
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