Cpt2_Rev_4Ed - Chapter 2 THE CHANGING GLOBAL CONTEXT...

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Chapter 2 THE CHANGING GLOBAL CONTEXT Chapter Objectives The objectives of this chapter are to illustrate: 1. Geographic expansion, integration, and change 2. Industrialization and geographic change 3. Forces that organize the periphery 4. The fast world and the slow world Chapter Outline The Pre-Modern World (p. 44) Hearth areas Growth of early empires Early geographic knowledge Geography of the pre-Modern world Mapping a New World Geography (p. 50) Cartography and Exploration Core, semiperiphery, and periphery Beginnings of modern geography Industrialization in core regions Internal Development in core regions 1
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Chapter Outline (2) Organizing the Periphery (p. 63) International division of labor Imperialism The Third World and neocolonialism Globalization (p. 69) Causes and consequences of globalization Outcomes of globalization Jihad vs McWorld Conclusion (p. 81) Readings : 2.1 Early Geographic Knowledge (p. 49) 2.2 Geography of Exploration (p. 52) 2.3 The Foundation of Modern Geography (p.56) 2.4 Railroads and Geographic Change (p. 64-65) 2.5 Commodity Chains (p. 71) 2
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THE CHANGING GLOBAL CONTEXT Chapter 2 - Overview : - Further describes the process of Globalization - Introduces the idea of a World-System in which all countries participate ( core , semiperiphery , and periphery ) World-System (by Immanuel Wallerstein) views the world as consisting of one economic system , in which each country/region takes part in different ways. * Interdependent system: each country/region is linked to the others by economic and political competition * The relationship between states helps establish their place in the core-semiperiphery-periphery hierarchy * The difference derives from the effectiveness of the state in ensuring the international competitiveness of its products 3
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The Pre-Modern World - The study of human geography requires an understanding that different places and regions are part of a constantly changing global system . - Each place reflects its own history . Hearth Areas Hearth areas are geographic settings where new practices have independently developed and from which they have subsequently spread ( the original places for different practices, products, and ideas). e.g. The main agricultural hearth areas : - The Middle East (Fertile Crescent): the floodplains of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (Iraq and Iran); around the Dead Sea Valley (Jordan and Israel); and on the Anatolian Plateau (Turkey); - South Asia : the floodplains of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus, and Irawaddy rivers (northern India, Assam, Bangladesh, and Burma); - China : the floodplain of the Huang He (Yellow) River; - The Americas : Mesoamerica (the North American Southwest, Mexico, and the Isthmus of Panama), and South America (the western slopes of 4
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the Andes Mountains). Hearth Areas (2)
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Cpt2_Rev_4Ed - Chapter 2 THE CHANGING GLOBAL CONTEXT...

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