Cpt8_Rev

Cpt8_Rev - Chapter 8 Agriculture and Food Production...

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Chapter 8 Agriculture and Food Production Chapter Objectives Understand traditional agricultural geography Examine the agricultural revolution and its industrialization Investigate the forces of agricultural globalization Explore the social and technological change in global agricultural restructuring Examine the relationship between the environment and agricultural industrialization Chapter Outline - Traditional Agricultural Geography (p. 302) - Agricultural Revolution and Industrialization (p. 309) - Global Restructuring of Agricultural System (p. 317) - Social and Technological Change in Global Food Production (p. 327); Reading : New Zealand (p. 330) - The Environment and Agricultural Industrialization (p. 332) - Problems and Prospects in the Global Food System (p. 334) Case Study : New Zealand: Clean, Green, and GE Free? (True, J. 2005. Country before Money?: Economic Globalization and National Identity in New Zealand. In Economic Nationalism in a Globalizing World , eds. E. Helleiner and A. Pickel, 202-219. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.) OR * “Harvest of Fear” (VIDEO) 1
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Agriculture: Characteristics - Agriculture : a science , an art , and a business * cultivation of crops * raising of livestock (for sustenance & for profit) - Agriculture: a good illustration of the interaction between people and the natural landscape (two-way relationship) - Agriculture has become increasingly integrated into wider regional, national, and global economic systems - It has become more directly linked to other economic sectors (manufacturing, finance, trade) - Changes : - the decline in the number of people employed in farming (core & periphery) - farming practices have been intensified (chemical, mechanical, and biotechnological innovations & applications) - Agrarian : describes the way of life that is deeply embedded in the demands of agricultural production * defines the culture of distinctive agricultural communities * refers to the type of landholding system - who has access to land - what kind of cultivation practices will be employed Factors : - terrain (plains, hills, mountains), soils - climate (temperature, humidity) 2
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Traditional Agricultural Geography Evolution
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Cpt8_Rev - Chapter 8 Agriculture and Food Production...

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