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SOCI1F90 Lecture 5.docx

SOCI1F90 Lecture 5.docx - SOCI 1F90 Lecture 5 Title...

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SOCI 1F90 – Lecture 5 Title : CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL THEORY Date : October 5 th 2017 Schedule for the upcoming weeks: 1) Lecture Oct. 5 : Contemporary Social Theory 2) Seminars run : Oct. 6 (Fri) 3) Reading Week : Oct. 9-13 4) Remaining seminars for Contemporary Social Theory: Oct. 16, 17, 18, 19 (Mon-Thurs am) 5) Thursday Oct. 19, during lecture time: MIDTERM 6) NO seminars : Oct. 20-26 (Fri-Thurs am) 7) Back to regular schedule Oct. 26 This lecture on ‘contemporary social theory’ continues with the general preoccupation of conflict theorists , which is analysing… Conflict theorists are interested in power relations work in a society I. Antonio Gramsci: Hegemony Who is he? 1981-1937 founded Communist Party of Italy imprisoned by Mussolini (fascist) in 1926 contemplating Marx’s Capital wrote “ Selections from the Prison Notebooks” spent most of his life reading Marx’s work accepted Marx’s analysis of class inequalities under capitalism disagreed with low capitalists maintain power Marx: capitalists use force/coercion to dominate working class (police, military) Gramsci: more often they manipulate ideas as a subtle form of control His dialogue with the work of Karl Marx: How do capitalists maintain their power over the working class? force/coercion vs. the manipulation of ideas as a more subtle form of control Importance of ideas Manipulate opinions and beliefs as another way of control 1
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Two forms of class control: 1) Domination Physical force and coercion to enforce class hierarchy 2) Hegemony Control/consent of ideas Capitalist class controls ideas because it controls social institutions Ideological control: dominant ideas reflect capitalist interests, mask social inequalities No regime can rule using force alone Stability requires consent of the ruled
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