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Running head: CULTURE ASSIGNMENT1Adeniyi Alese50088066Culture AssignmentDecember 5, 2017Texas A&M University CommerceMGT 585: Management and Organizational BehaviorDr. Stephanie Pane
CULTURE ASSIGNMENT2IntroductionLeadership also plays a decisive role in enhancing organizational creativity (Mumford etal., 2002; Amabile et al., 2004), launching and driving innovation projects (Stoker et al., 2001;Bossink, 2007), and implementing innovation projects and overcoming resistance (Gilley et al.,2008). Somech (2006) concludes that corporate leaders are the key drivers, who either promoteor inhibit innovation management in the organization. According to Bel (2010), differentleadership styles are likely to have different impacts on employee involvement and commitment,which in turn influence the climate for innovation management. Deschamps (2005) goes evenfurther, saying that the failure of innovation projects is most likely due to ineffective leadershipskills. Organizational innovation doesn’t drive itself. It requires good leadership to flourish.Transformational or innovation Leadership plays a significant role in any organization.Shamir, Zakay, Breinin, and Popper (1998), however, defined leadership as the ability tomotivate followers toward a collective goal, mission, or vision. “Leadership may also be definedas the act of shaping others to work towards a goal”, but there are many ways and styles ofleadership that one can use to achieve this. (Bauer & Erdogan, 2017) Frederick Fiedler, a formerprofessor, developed the most significant contingency theory still utilized by organizations today.Fiedler’s Contingency Theory centers around the idea that no one person can effectively impactevery situation yet different situations require different people who are better at handling certaintypes of problems. To test this theory, one’s leadership style is evaluated by a Least PreferredCoworker Scale (LPC) which basically assesses one’s ability to speak favorably of their leastpreferred coworker. The LPC score is similar to a character trait and shouldn’t change, but yet itseeks to confirm Fiedler theory that certain people are better to lead in certain situations. For
CULTURE ASSIGNMENT3instance, some environments such as retail call for achievement-oriented leaders while plant andmanufacturing environments may call for more authoritarian forms of leadership.According to the definition of Bass (1990), “leadership entails influencing the attitudesand behaviors of individuals and the interaction within and between groups for the purpose ofachieving goals.” Chemers (1997) defines leadership as “a process of social influence in whichone person is able to enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a commontask.” Because of their general acceptance among scholars, we have taken these definitions as aconceptual foundation for this review. They imply the existence of four generic dimensions inleadership:People – By its very nature, leadership is a supra-individual concept that requires a

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