Lab 2.pdf - Anthony Gambino Prof. A. Christopher Biological...

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Anthony GambinoProf. A. ChristopherBiological Anthropology09/03/17LAB 2Questions and ExercisesConcept Review Questions1.What is the difference between a prokaryote and a eukaryote?
2.Which of the following cell parts produces energy for the cell and has its own DNA?
3.What do the two members of a homologous chromosome pair have in common?
4.Following the rules of complementary base pairing, which of these DNA bases couldsuccessfully bond with adenine?
5.Following the rules of complementary base pairing, which of these RNA bases couldsuccessfully bond with adenine?
6.Variations of the same gene are called:
7.Mitosis occurs in which type of cell?
8.Meiosis occurs in which type of cell?
9.The genetic information that moves from the nucleus to the cytoplasm of a cellduring protein synthesis is called
10.During protein synthesis, the amino acids are transported by
Lab Exercises
Exercise 1Your instructor has provided you and a group of your classmates with the stainedchromosomes from person Z. Follow these steps to create person Z’s karyotype and answer thequestions.Step 1Match each chromosome to its homologous partner (remember to look for similar size,centromere location, and staining patterns).Step 2Arrange the chromosome pairs in order from largest to smallest.STEP 3Match the sex chromosomes provided by your instructor.1.How many autosomes does person Z have? How many sex chromosomes?
2.Is person Z male or female? Why?
Exercise 2Work with a group of your classmates to review the two karyotypes and answer the questions.Note the karyotypes provided depict single chromosomes, rather than homologous pairs.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Amanda Christopher

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