Raisa Munshi WRD 104 Contextual Analysis 10/31/17 The Democrat, The Republican and The Woman Maybe it was the gasp of air that occurred in a moment when it was evident, Brock Tuner, a rapist would only spend 3 months in jail. Or quite possibly the time I realized that Trump’s misogynist comments were forgiven as “one man’s loose comments”. Or maybe it was the sneers my friend received during a college drop off at Urbana Champaign, where her “Women belong in the House and the Senate” shirt was a target of mockery for boys moving into the dorm next to her. One idea was very clearly engrained in my head after 18 years living as typical American girl— politics is not in the favor of women. The underrepresentation of women in politics has gained a new cogency after the major loss of Hilary Clinton in the 2016 presidential election. To a greater extent, the public has become aware of the inherent underrepresentation of women in politics. Framed by a social dogma of women inequality in political affairs, inherent gender bias seems to run its course as an answer to this underrepresentation. In a time-lapse study conducted by the American University of Washington D.C, it was found that men were 60% more likely than women to assess themselves as “very qualified” and women were twice as likely as men to rate themselves “not at all qualified” for a job in a higher-level position in a political office ( Lawless and Fox 13 ).The perception of women themselves allows for an unconscious gender bias to take place in many instances. Supported by Dr. Cecilia Hyunjung Mo, an assistant professor of political science at Vanderbilt University, she believes that this unconscious gender bias causes women to have to work harder. She tells HuffPost “Based upon my research, Hillary Clinton and Carly Fiorina… have the additional challenge of figuring out how to be more qualified in the ways that matter to
most voters today” ( Howard). Her study using an Implicit Association Test showed that an inherent bias was rooted into both men and women which allowed them to believe men were more suited for higher level jobs. The attached gender bias to politics seems to account for the unimpressive 104 th rank of the United States for women in legislation and the mere 19.4% of women in the U.S Congress (Oh and Kliff). In reference to the 103 countries above America in women legislation, half of them have an established gender quota. In some type of percentage enforcement (differing by country) women are to be elected into higher-level positions in the government (Oh and Kliff). The main principle of a gender quota in politics is behind the idea that recruiting women into political positions would ensure that women are equally represented in the government ( Coleman). It also aims to eliminate gender bias by the preexisting notion that equal representation would take away any unfair representation of women. In hindsight, a gender quota is a seemingly reasonable idea with a conscious intention to bring equality into the government.
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- Winter '08