Kohlberg Paper Team F (2).docx - KOHLBERGS MORAL...

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KOHLBERG’S MORAL DEVELOPMENT 1Kohlberg’s Moral DevelopmentCrystal Peters, Gregory Scott, Gretchen Henderson,Marquard Lett, and Yensy AlvarezPSYCH/600January 8, 2018Rollo Jones
KOHLBERG’S MORAL DEVELOPMENT 2Kohlberg’s Moral DevelopmentKohlberg’s theory has helped us understand that moral reasoning starts at a young age, but is different for everyone based off of specific factors. Kohlberg has contributed 3 different ideas on how the theory is applied. One contribution includes how people use moral reasoning, another contribution is how each step is processed, and the last contribution Kohlberg added to the theory, included how religion played a part to the moral reasoning process. Kohlberg contributed a lot, but also found limitations to the theory. One of the limitations included, those individuals that were closed minded, or fact based thinkers. Another limitation dealt with, specific study methods for example, how males and females use the moral theory based off their feelings or ideas of thinking. The final limitation to Kohlberg’s moral development theory was cultural differences. Carol Gilligan was a researcher that researched specifically on both young girls and women’s moral reasoning skills. She believed and proved that girls and women base their moral reasoning through feelings and how they cared about that specific person or situation.Theory of Moral DevelopmentLawrence Kohlberg believed that people progressed in their moral understanding through a seriesof stages. "Kohlberg organized moral development into three levels, each with two stages, yielding six stages in all. He believed that moral understanding is promoted by the same factors Piaget thought were important for cognitive development: (1) actively grappling with moral issues and noticing weaknesses inone's current reasoning, and (2) gains in perspective taking, which permit individuals to resolve moral conflicts in more effective ways" (Berk, 2010).The 1st level is the pre conventional level. This accommodates the first stage of obedience and punishment as well as step two of individuality. During stage one; a child tends to concentrate on fright ofpower and dodging of sentence for the cause to behave ethically. During phase two, children begin to understand that individuals can have diverse perspectives in an ethical dilemma. The second level is the
KOHLBERG’S MORAL DEVELOPMENT 3reasonable level. This contains scene three of good boy-good girl, and stage four of law and order. Duringthe 3rdstage, children begin to have a want to follow the rules because they encourage social coherence showing in the environment of close personal relationships. While in stage four, an individual takes into consideration the bigger picture, social laws. The last level is the post-conventional level. This level contains stage five of the social contract and stage six of universal ethical principle. Throughout the 5th

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