Chapter 17 Outline (2).docx - Trinity Zelinsky THE 18TH...

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Trinity Zelinsky THE 18 TH CENTURY: AN AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT 1. THE ENLIGHTENMENT A. “Dare to Know” and the Laws of Human Society i. 1784 German philosopher Immanuel Kant ~ enlightenment = “man’s leaving his self-caused immaturity”. Used to be hindered by inability to “use one’s intelligence w/o the guidance of another” then proclaimed motto of enlightenment: “Dare to Know! Have the courage to use your own intelligence!” ii. All institutions and all systems of thought were subject to the rational, scientific way of thinking if only people would themselves from the shackles of old, worthless traditions, esp. religious ones. iii. Led to hope that could make progress toward better society iv. Reason, natural law, hope, progress = words most used B. Paths to the Enlightenment i. What were the major intellectual changes that culminated in the intellectual movement of the Enlightenment?

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