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ASB 100Module 1 – Global Health ChallengesLectures:Globalization and Health-Globalization:The growing interconnectedness of ideas, people, resources, and diseasevectors as the world economy integrates and our interdependence increases.-Globalization itself is basically a neutral force- it has pros and cons for health.-Globalization is not a new phenomenon. Disease has been affected by globalization wellback into human history.-Infectious diseases now exist in a complicated global ecosystem.-Its not just the movement of disease agents that effect our health, but also the flow ofideas.-Trades and such lead to spread of disease. Bubonic Plague is the best-known diseasethat traveled the silk road. It started in China- Black Death.-Europe received and distributed epidemics through trade routes. Tuberculosis, smallpox came to Europe first. People had no build up immunity.-Syphilis flowed in the opposite direction, it went from New World to Old World. STDthat causes open sores, genital ulcers.-Brenda Baker is an ASU professor that has studied syphilis. Her theory is that it was ofColumbian origin and that it was based on bone remains.-Syndemics:epidemics aggregate (or two or more epidemics blend together) with otherdiseases in vulnerable populations to massively increase people's risk for death (forexample: Influenza).-We can no longer think about fixing a disease in one place without thinking of fixing it inanother place as well.-Globalization can both reduce inequalities, but also promote and reinforce them.U.S. Healthcare System-Health system:an organization of people, resources and institutions that delivers healthcare to meet individuals’ health needs. This may not be a defined organization butrather socially organized responses to disease that constitute a special cultural system.-Health care is the product of multiple factors interacting within the community.-Health care- an human-created process which is the product of multiple interactingcomponents: 1) the social and cultural beliefs and behaviors of the participants, 2) thephysical environment itself, 3) the political climate of the community or nation, 4) theeconomic development of the region, and 5) finally the types of diseases and healthconditions which are present in the community.