APUSH-2017-05-01 Study Guide.docx - By President George Washington Hamilton Financial Plan National Bank State War Debts to be Absorbed by Federal

APUSH-2017-05-01 Study Guide.docx - By President George...

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By President George Washington - Hamilton Financial Plan National Bank State War Debts to be Absorbed by Federal Government - Proclamation of Neutrality (1793) US too weak to involve itself in European Affairs, so it would stay out of the French Revolution - Jay Treaty Failed to address main issue (impressment) Br. to leave western forts - Pinckney Treaty Alleviated Sp. fears of US-Br. alliance Sp. opens MS (New Orleans) to US FL border at 31N Latitude - Whiskey Rebellion PA farmers attack collectors of Hamilton’s Whiskey Tax Washington uses army to suppress - Farewell Address No reelection to demonstrate peaceful transition of power and no king Warnings - Stay out of Euro. affairs - No permanent alliances - No political parties - No sectionalism - Peaceful Transition of Power The result of refusal to run for a third term John Adams - XYZ Affair Delegates to Fr. refused to give bribe requested by Fr. ministers X, Y, Z Adams resisted popular wish for war - Alien and Sedition Acts Prez could deport any aliens considered dangerous (Alien) Illegal to criticize gov’t (Sedition) Led to VA/KY Resolutions to nullification precedent Thomas Jefferson - First transition to opposing party (Federalist to Dem-Reps) - LA Purchase TJ wanted New Orleans from Napoleon’s Fr. (sold by Sp.)
Due to other turmoil within Fr., Napoleon no longer wanted his N. Am. Holdings Sold land (later, parts of 13 states) for $15 mil. - TJ had wanted to offer $10 mil for just New Orleans Double US land area - Lewis and Clark Scientific Exploration of new land and beyond (to W. coast) Increased geographic and scientific knowledge and strengthened US claim to OR - Embargo Act (1807) In response to Br. and Fr. blockades of each other’s ports which hurt US econ Prohibited US merchants from going to foreign ports - Aim of pressuring Br. Br. wasn’t exclusively reliant on US for imports, but US was very reliant on Br. for exports Destructive to US econ, especially in New England (threaten secession) 1809 repeal James Madison - War of 1812 Caused by - Lack of freedom of the seas - Br. aid to frontier NAs - War Hawks Henry Clay, John Calhoun - Br. failed to recognize US neutrality Treaty of Ghent - Kind of a stalemate - Halted fighting - Return conquered territories - Prewar border w/ Ca. stands Andrew Jackson - War Hero at battle of New Orleans James Monroe - Begins Era of Good Feelings Fed party dead post Hartford Convention Only D-Rs - Acquired FL - MO Compromise of 1820 Need free-slave balance in the senate
- MO as a slave state would offset the balance MO as slave ME carved from MA as free In the rest of LA territory, any new states N. of 36N30’ free, S. slave

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