Polilitical Science Test 3 Notes

Polilitical Science Test 3 Notes - Congress(Part 1 Chapter...

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Congress (Part 1) Chapter 11 1. What is the basic role of Congress? a. Lay and Collect Taxes b. Borrow money c. Regulate commerce d. Establish rules of naturalization e. Coin money f. Establish post offices and post roads g. Confer patents h. Constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court i. Provide army, navy, and militia j. "… to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution… all powers vested… in the Government of the United States Smaller states are disadvantaged in representation in Congress 2. How is Congress Organized a. Has 2 Chambers i. House --> 2yr term ii. Senate --> 6yr term 3. One Person One Vote a. Unit Rule- The person that wins the state in a Presidential election receives all of the electors for that state. Exceptions are in Maine and Nebraska 4. What does it take to get elected a. Fundraising - about a million dollars is standard now b. Once elected need to become reelected c. Worry about district d. Service and attention to things 5. How does Congress Operate? a. How does a bill become a law i. Proposed in either Senate or House ii. Referred to appropriate committee (assignment controlled by majority party leadership, if its controversial) iii. Then referred to relevant subcommittee -- Most BILLS DIE ONLY 10% MAKE IT!
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iv. In House-- goes to Rules Committee (except monetary bill--- appropriations mostly and some from Ways and Means and other committees). Where it gets 1. A set of rules e.g. a bill can be amended, who can amend, how much time for debate 2. A date for consideration by the WHOLE HOUSE a. If it chooses the House as a whole can force the consideration of a bill, (but this is rather unusual) v. Floor Debating and Voting vi. Steps i-v in the other chamber vii. If bills are not identical, a conference committee usually composed of leading senior members of relevant committees offering bill iron out differences viii. Floor votes from both Houses ix. Presidential Action 1. Pocket Veto: 10 days except Sundays a. Law if Congress is in session, vetoed if not x. If vetoed- 2/3 of Congress votes override president Filibuster- a tactic in which a Senator holds the floor for a long time in order to delay or prevent a vote on an issue. Filibusters cannot occur in the House of Representatives, since speaking time is limited. --talking a bill to death Cloture- A parliamentary maneuver that, if a three-fifths (60 votes) majority votes for it, limits Senate debate to thirty hours and has the effect of defeating a filibuster. 6. Committees House Senate Rules Foreign Relations Ways and Means Finance Appropriations Appropriations International Relations Judiciary Armed Services Armed Services b. Some Functions of Committees 1. To divide work to promote efficiency
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2. To allow parties to exert some control over policy formation by determining membership on committees and influencing committee chairs Political Transactions Costs: The costs of doing political business reflected in the
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Polilitical Science Test 3 Notes - Congress(Part 1 Chapter...

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