History 367 Test 2 Notes

History 367 Test 2 Notes - To the Victors Belong the Spoils...

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Unformatted text preview: To the Victors Belong the Spoils I. Creating a “Usable” Past • A public memory of the past supporting White Supremacy A. Archives and Scholarship • Investment in history began in 1898 in Alabama and NC follows in 1903 • History could shape a white citizenry which bonded white people together 1. R.D.W. Connor – Historical Commission (1903) & State Archives (1906) • Home of history • Marked a change; beforehand historical records were kept by amateur historians • Now historians focused their attention on the Revolutionary War to demonstrate the South’s importance • RDW Conner was born in Wilson and was appointed to the chair position of the NC Historical Commission o Conner taught history at UNC 2. William L. Saunders, The Colonial Records of North Carolina (1886-90) • Collects all of the historical information and makes a book • “To rescue their (the white man) fair name”. • Confederate South Compares to our founding fathers 3. Sir Walter Raleigh, Roanoke, and Virginia Dare • North Carolina was the site of the first English colonies • Historians built up Sir Walter Raleigh to promote Anglo-Saxon heritage of freedom • White Supremacy • Virginia Dare was the first English child in America 4. J.G. de Roulhac Hamilton, Reconstruction in North Carolina (1914) • Studied under a historian at Columbia University named William Archibald Dunning • Wrote histories about Reconstruction stating it was a tragedy B. Popular Culture 1. Thomas Dixon, The Clansman (1905) • Dixon was born in Shelby in 1864 o Baptist Minister o Lecturer o Wrote The Clansman along with 2 other books about Reconstruction 2. D.W. Griffith, The Birth of a Nation (1915) & Woodrow Wilson • Makes The Clansman into one of the most acclaimed silent films of the era • Movie shows 3 attempted Rapes, but none of them happened • Woodrow Wilson o Shows The Birth of a Nation in the White House o "The white men were roused by a mere instinct of self- preservation....until at last there had sprung into existence a great Ku Klux Klan, a veritable empire of the South, to protect the Southern country." C. Confederate Memorials • Monuments sprung up around Southern Towns II. Juneteenth & Emancipation Day – An Alternative Memory • June 19 th Emancipation Day is when Union Troops arrived in Galveston TX to free the slaves • Emancipation Monument in Washington DC Frederick Douglass • Was angered about the historical romanticism of the Civil War b/c the mentioning of Slavery were gone Test 2 Notes Progress and Discontent The New Urban Landscape I. The Pre-Industrial City • Modern Day example “OLD SALEM” • Early 20 th century NC is the equivalent to South Africa A. work and residence combined a. Work and Residence under one roof i. Shoe place gunsmith worked at the same place they lived b. Employer and Employee under the same roof i. Better Relationship B. limited separation by class and race a. 1875 Blacks and Whites of all classes lived togethera....
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course HIST 367 taught by Professor Leloudis during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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History 367 Test 2 Notes - To the Victors Belong the Spoils...

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