PHI 205 Notes 1

PHI 205 Notes 1 - How do I know the outside world exists...

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How do I know the outside world exists and that it is as it appears to be? Internalist : all you can observe is what is I your own mind and your own perceptions and any attempt to get outside the mind is not possible 1 Each individual is trapped in his or her own perceptions. 4 All our ideas and knowledge come to us through our sense organs; animals with different sense organs experience an entirely different world. Perceiver : Believes that it makes no sense to say that all our perceptions of the world are illusions, and therefore we can know some things. Internalist/skeptic: it is possible that all of us are mistaken in such a way that we could not correct the mistake Perceiver: this view is incoherent. Being mistaken with out possibility for correction is an incoherent notion because it lacks contrast. In order for there to be conceptual difference between appearance and reality there has to be possible position to compare the two. Internalist/skeptic: maintain the difference between appearance and reality yet, at the same time he denies the possibility of position to compare the two. (This denial makes the difference between appearance and reality meaningless and degenerate into a distinction without a difference). What is genuine knowledge?
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PHI 205 Notes 1 - How do I know the outside world exists...

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