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DIABETES AND DRUG TREATMENT1Running head: DIABETES AND DRUG TREATMENT 1Diabetes and Drug TreatmentCarrie HancockWalden UniversityAdvanced Pharmacology 6521NJanuary 5th, 2018
DIABETES AND DRUG TREATMENT2Diabetes and Drug TreatmentDiabetes Mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic disorders. These disorders are caused by a decrease in insulin which then leads to increased blood sugar levels. There are four categories of DM; type 1, type 2, gestational diabetes and other specific types. For the purpose of this paper,type1, type 2, gestational and juvenile diabetes will be analyzed. This paper will also discuss medications used in the treatment of DM along with associated dietary needs of a patient being treated for DM. It will conclude with an explanation of short and long term effects that DM has on patients. Type 1 Diabetes Insulin-dependent diabetes, originally called “juvenile” diabetes, is categorized as type 1 and manifests with symptoms that are sudden and dramatic (Zakowski, 2017). Type 1 DM is much less common than type 2 DM, accounting for 5-10% of cases of primary diabetes (Ham-mer & McPhee, 2014). Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. It is caused by the selective destruction of pancreatic beta cells by T lymphocytes targeting ill-defined beta cell antigens (Hammer & McPhee, 2014). The job of a beta cell is to produce insulin. The net effect of insulin is to decreased blood glucose levels (Huether& McCance, 2017). If the beta cells are destroyed