WEEK6HANCOCKC.docx - 1 DIABETES AND DRUG TREATMENT Running head DIABETES AND DRUG TREATMENT Diabetes and Drug Treatment Carrie Hancock Walden University

WEEK6HANCOCKC.docx - 1 DIABETES AND DRUG TREATMENT Running...

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DIABETES AND DRUG TREATMENT 1 Running head: DIABETES AND DRUG TREATMENT 1 Diabetes and Drug Treatment Carrie Hancock Walden University Advanced Pharmacology 6521N January 5th, 2018
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DIABETES AND DRUG TREATMENT 2 Diabetes and Drug Treatment Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic disorders. These disorders are caused by a decrease in insulin which then leads to increased blood sugar levels. There are four categories of DM; type 1, type 2, gestational diabetes and other specific types. For the purpose of this paper, type1, type 2, gestational and juvenile diabetes will be analyzed. This paper will also discuss medications used in the treatment of DM along with associated dietary needs of a patient being treated for DM. It will conclude with an explanation of short and long term effects that DM has on patients. Type 1 Diabetes Insulin-dependent diabetes, originally called “juvenile” diabetes, is categorized as type 1 and manifests with symptoms that are sudden and dramatic (Zakowski, 2017). Type 1 DM is much less common than type 2 DM, accounting for 5-10% of cases of primary diabetes (Ham- mer & McPhee, 2014). Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. It is caused by the selective destruction of pancreatic beta cells by T lymphocytes targeting ill-defined beta cell antigens (Hammer & McPhee, 2014). The job of a beta cell is to produce insulin. The net effect of insulin is to decreased blood glucose levels (Huether& McCance, 2017). If the beta cells are destroyed
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