nonverbal - NONVERBAL cont NonVerbal Channels 1 Body...

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Unformatted text preview: NONVERBAL, cont. NonVerbal Channels 1) Body communication Body gestures (kinesics) Kinesic Cues Body's appearance Body Orientation Gestures Emblems Adaptors Regulators Illustrators Kinesic Cues, cont. Body Orientation: the extent to which we turn out legs, shoulders, and head towards (or away) from a communicator I won't take this lying down Don't be so uptight frequently indicators of selfconfidence, energy, fatigue, or status Important in interpersonal communication Kinesic Cues, cont. Body gestures Fundamental element of communication sometimes intentional (cheery wave, thumbs up) Other cases, unconscious Five types Kinesic Cues, cont Emblems Illustrators Affect displays Regulators Adaptors (Ekman & Friesen) Kinesic Cues, cont. EMBLEMS body movements that have direct translation to words: OK, stop, `It's cold', etc Cultural variable (palm of hand in Latin America) Kinesic Cues, cont. Illustrators: accompany and literally illustrate the verbal messages Let's go up (+ move your head and your finger in an upward direction) Describing a circle/square movements with your hands Kinesic Cues, cont. Regulators: monitor, maintain, or control the speaking of another individual Communicate that you expect/want speakers to do as they are talking (e.g.: keep going, slow down, speed up, etc.) Culturallybound Kinesic Cues, cont. Adaptors Selfadaptors: usually satisfy a physical need, espec. To make you more comfortable (scratching your head to relieve an itch, pushing your hair out of your eyes, etc.) Alteradaptors: body movements you make in response to your current interactions (crossing your arms over your chest) when someone unpleasant approaches or moving closer Objectadaptor: involve your manipulation of some object (punching holes in or c licking a ball point pen) Signs of negative feelings Anxiety, uneasiness increases, so does frequency of adaptors (Burgoon, Buller, & Woodall, 1996) Kinesic Cues, cont. Affect displays: movement of the face that convey emotional meaning expression that show anger, fear, happiness and surprise, eagerness and fatigue Kinesic Cues, cont. Facial appearance: wrinkles, muscle tone, skin coloration, and eye color A less permanent second set of facial cuesincluding length of hair, hairstyle, cleanliness, and facial hair relate to an individual's idea of beauty. A third group of facial markers are momentary expressions that signal/cause changes in the forehead, eyebrows, eyelids, cheeks, nose, lips, and chin, such as raising the eyebrows, wrinkling the brow, curling the lip. offers enduring cues that reveal information about age, sex, race, ethnic origin, and status. Body appearance The body communicate even without movement Body built, height and weight, skin, eye, hair color, etc.) Body communication, cont. Encompasses all of the physical characteristics of an individual, including body size, skin color, hair color and style, facial features Impact interpersonal communication (e.g.: skin color, body size) Body artifacts, e.g., clothing Body communication, cont. clothing indicates a great amount of information about self. In addition, attitudes most often associated with clothing relate to 1) A desire to conform, dress to "fit the part." 2) A desire for selfexpression 3) A desire for aesthetic satisfaction 4) Prestige values 5) The desire for social participation 6) Physical comfort, and 7) Economy Notice me! Body communication, cont. Physical appearance: attractiveness in the interpersonal communicators Assessment of power, attractiveness, suitability as a friend or romantic partner (Sheppard & Strathman, 1989) Attractive people and friendliness (Knapp and Hall, 2002) Paralanguage (vocalics) Paralanguage (vocalics): study of a person's voice The way a message is spoken This is a fantastic communication book (Not just any book, but this one in particular) This is a fantastic communication book (This book is superior, exciting) This is a fantastic communication book (This book is good as far as communication goes, it may not be so greeat as literatur or as drama) Paralanguage (vocalics) vocal qualities: nonverbal behaviors (pitch, rate, volume, inflection, tempo, and pronunciation Vocal segregates: fillers (`ums', `ers' of conversation) and the use of silence Vocal characterizers: crying, laughing, groaning, muttering, whispering, and whinning ...
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