Unformatted text preview: 3.) SPATIAL COMMUNICATION Hall's research on Proximity Intimate distance: 6 8 inches e.g.: mom and baby Personal distance: 18 4 feet Social distance: 4 to 12 feet Public distance: 12 to more than 25 feet 4) Theories about space 4.1.) Interaction Adaptation Theory individuals simultaneously adapt their communication behavior to the communication behavior of others. The better we are able to adapt the better we are able to understand each other. it shows that you care and are understanding but also usually brings comfort to the other person. 4.2) Equilibrium theory (Argyle) Space/Distance as an indicator of intimacy intimacy and distance vary together the greater the intimacy the closer the distance; lower intimacy greater distance Distresses couples distance was 25% greater than happy couples Happy couples stood 11.4 inches apart Distressed couples stood 14.8 inches apart E.g.: (Crane's survey) 4.3.) Expectancy Violations theory Communicators develop expectations Violations of communication expectations are arousing and distracting Communicator reward valence moderates interpretation of behaviors 5.) PLACE AND TIME CODES Territoriality The possessive reaction to an area or to particular obejects Primary territories: areas you might call your own secondary territories: areas that don't belong to you, but you have occupied them and you're associated with them. public territory: areas that are open to all people 6.) Space and communication How do you arrange the objects in your environment the desks, chairs, tables, and bookcases? Room and furniture design Arrangement of furniture Room color 7.) TIME (Chronemics) Time can be an indicator of status. PERCEPTION OF TIME Time is Money Time is Power Time is Status (Who sees who and when) 7.) TIME (Chronemics) The study of a person's use of time. Technical time: scientific measurement of time Formal time: time that society formally teaches Informal time: time that includes three concepts: duration, punctuality, and activity MEN AND WOMEN in business Men Take Up More Space Handshakes (Firm not bone crunching) Women Smile More And Are Expected to Smile Women Maintain Eye Contact Longer ACTIVITY #10 Objective: To illustrate the significance of the personal items we carry with us; to illustrate actual selfdisclosure among the student's peers. Approximate time needed: 3040 minutes (depending on the size of the class). Description: This activity asks each student to take an item that they maybe carrying with them on that particular day and talk about why it is important to them. It could be a picture, business card, figurine, key chain, etc. (try to avoid cell phones, palms, planners and the like). The students will reflect in writing about this object then share the story of the object with the larger group. The intent is to learn more about one another through `doing' selfdisclosure. ACTIVITY SELF DISCLOSURE ...
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- Fall '07
- Expectancy violations theory, intimacy greater distance, time Formal time, Distresses couples distance, feet Social distance