Political Party Notes - Political Party Notes Political Parties Political parties are groups of people who share similar beliefs about how the

Political Party Notes - Political Party Notes Political...

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Political Party Notes Political Parties- Political parties are groups of people who share similar beliefs about how the government should be run and how the issues facing our country should be solved. U.S. History of Political Parties George Washington - warned against parties Madison and Jefferson - although against, they founded the first political parties James Madison - believed they were probably necessary, although he didn’t really approve of them. Thomas Jefferson - “If I could not go to heaven but with a party, I would not go there at all.” 1st Parties in America Federalists - wanted a strong central government. (1st U.S. Political Party.) Members: northern businessmen, bankers, merchants. Favored: England Democratic-Republicans (Anti-Federalists)- leave the people alone Members: planters, small farmers, and artisans Favored: Revolutionary France 1828: Andrew Jackson changed the name Democratic- Republicans to Democrats. Great Support in South and West. The once Federalists joined together against Jackson and formed the National Republicans or Whig Party . Issue of Slavery forms new Parties 1854- Republican Party formed- antislavery Democrats - favored slavery and states’ rights Great Depression Created great division between Republicans and Democrats once again. Democrats believed the federal government should actively help people who were hurt by the Depression. Republicans thought the government was taking too much power and move the country toward a welfare state.
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5 Roles of Political Parties 1. Nominate Candidates Political parties are responsible for selecting candidates who will run for political office. The parties choose candidates who believe in the party's platform. These candidates represent the party’s members and help to spread the party’s message during elections. 2. Create Balance The most powerful political party is the one that has the most members elected to office. Being in the majority means the party can focus the government’s attention on issues that are important to the party’s platform. The party in the minority works hard to oppose the majority party and keep it in check. Usually the majority party is able to get many laws passed. Depending on the minority party’s strength, the majority may need to compromise with the minority before a law will pass. In this way the opposing party protects the interests of its own party supporters. A similar balance exists when the president and the majority in Congress are from different parties. 3. Influence Policy Members of the Senate and the House of Representatives are also members of political parties. The senators and representatives from each party often work together as a group to create and pass laws that support their party’s platform. The laws Congress passes affect the policies of our government.
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