Study Guide.docx - 1 Tangun 2333 BCE founded Chosun Father...

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1) Tan’gun2333 BCE: founded ChosunFather: Hwanung: son of the lord of the heaven who came down to earthMother: human transformed bearTan gun mythoClaims of linear, homogenous history of Korean peopleoReflection of someone from outside becoming a ruleroTransmission of culture without conquest but through interaction2) Kwanggaet’o steleKwanggaeto: dynamic Koguryo King who rapidly expanded the Koguryo territoryKwanggaeto’s Stele InscriptionoOne of the major primary sources extant for Koguryo historyoInscription: 1) Foundation myth of Koguryo Kingdom, 2) Military exploits of Kwanggaeto1) Story of Ch’umooLaid foundation of the stateoSon of Celestial Emperor; mother was the daughter of Earl of River and gave birth to him by cracking an egg openoCh’umo endowed with heavenly virtue2) Military exploits of King KwanggaetooRecords entire battles of Kwanggaeto’s reign and his triumphsoRecords of battles with WaoKwanggaeto assists Silla when it is invaded by Wa and pushed Paekche for allying with the Wa3) Bone-Rank SystemRigid social hierarchy system of SillaPromulgated/established by King PophungDepended on bloodline/lineageCan’t leave rankClearly set which social level could do whatLasted 1000 yearsHallowed Bone: royal family, could ascend throneTrue Bone: rest of royal family6 Head rankso6th: former members of the royal family; second highest ranking government officialso5th: third highest ranking government officialso4th: local leaders; fourth highest ranking government officialso3rd-1st: commoners4) Queen Sŏndŏk1stfemale ruler in East Asian history27thmonarch of SillaBuddhism, culture, and technology flourishedSent officials to form relations with Tang China, sent student to study in Dang ChinaWithin Silla, status of women was relative high, but restrictions on female behavior and conduct were presentLaid foundation of the unification of the three kingdomsConstruction of the enormous bell (에밀레종), 9thstory pagoda in Pulguksa temple, Chomsongdae astronomical observatory
5) ParhaeKorean kingdom after the fall of KoguryoTae Choyong and his followers founded ParhaeSouthern part of the Manchuria and the northern part of the Korean PeninsulaMulti-ethnic kingdomControversy on whether the Parhae people are descendants of Koguryo or the MalgalsCommon view: elites are Koguryo people, lower were Malgals6) Complex of Koguryŏ TombsMural tombsFirst UNESCO world heritage site to be listed North Korea in July 2004Paintings covered a wide range of subjectsoEveryday life, mythical beings, supernaturaloHorse priding, hunting based on these painting, we know that Koguryo was a warrior aristocracy o모양 뚫은무늬금동장식품(5세기) 7) Later Three KingdomsSilla divided into Later Paekche and Later KoguryoLater Koguryo conquered Later Paekche and absorbed SillaCaused by Silla’s weak central government and inability to collect taxesKoryo oFounded by Wang Kono

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