Study Guide.docx - 1 Tangun 2333 BCE founded Chosun Father Hwanung son of the lord of the heaven who came down to earth Mother human transformed bear

Study Guide.docx - 1 Tangun 2333 BCE founded Chosun Father...

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1) Tan’gun 2333 BCE: founded Chosun Father: Hwanung: son of the lord of the heaven who came down to earth Mother: human transformed bear Tan gun myth o Claims of linear, homogenous history of Korean people o Reflection of someone from outside becoming a ruler o Transmission of culture without conquest but through interaction 2) Kwanggaet’o stele Kwanggaeto: dynamic Koguryo King who rapidly expanded the Koguryo territory Kwanggaeto’s Stele Inscription o One of the major primary sources extant for Koguryo history o Inscription: 1) Foundation myth of Koguryo Kingdom, 2) Military exploits of Kwanggaeto 1) Story of Ch’umo o Laid foundation of the state o Son of Celestial Emperor; mother was the daughter of Earl of River and gave birth to him by cracking an egg open o Ch’umo endowed with heavenly virtue 2) Military exploits of King Kwanggaeto o Records entire battles of Kwanggaeto’s reign and his triumphs o Records of battles with Wa o Kwanggaeto assists Silla when it is invaded by Wa and pushed Paekche for allying with the Wa 3) Bone-Rank System Rigid social hierarchy system of Silla Promulgated/established by King Pophung Depended on bloodline/lineage Can’t leave rank Clearly set which social level could do what Lasted 1000 years Hallowed Bone: royal family, could ascend throne True Bone: rest of royal family 6 Head ranks o 6 th : former members of the royal family; second highest ranking government officials o 5 th : third highest ranking government officials o 4 th : local leaders; fourth highest ranking government officials o 3 rd -1 st : commoners 4) Queen Sŏndŏk 1 st female ruler in East Asian history 27 th monarch of Silla Buddhism, culture, and technology flourished Sent officials to form relations with Tang China, sent student to study in Dang China Within Silla, status of women was relative high, but restrictions on female behavior and conduct were present Laid foundation of the unification of the three kingdoms Construction of the enormous bell ( 에밀레종 ), 9 th story pagoda in Pulguksa temple, Chomsongdae astronomical observatory
5) Parhae Korean kingdom after the fall of Koguryo Tae Choyong and his followers founded Parhae Southern part of the Manchuria and the northern part of the Korean Peninsula Multi-ethnic kingdom Controversy on whether the Parhae people are descendants of Koguryo or the Malgals Common view: elites are Koguryo people, lower were Malgals 6) Complex of Koguryŏ Tombs Mural tombs First UNESCO world heritage site to be listed North Korea in July 2004 Paintings covered a wide range of subjects o Everyday life, mythical beings, supernatural o Horse priding, hunting based on these painting, we know that Koguryo was a warrior aristocracy o 모양 뚫은 무늬 금동장식품 (5 세기 ) 7) Later Three Kingdoms Silla divided into Later Paekche and Later Koguryo Later Koguryo conquered Later Paekche and absorbed Silla Caused by Silla’s weak central government and inability to collect taxes Koryo o Founded by Wang Kon o

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