K50 2016 Mid-term Study Guide-answers - ` 1 The Three Kingdoms-only source root of Korean history No monolithic continuous states in ancient

K50 2016 Mid-term Study Guide-answers - ` 1 The Three...

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` 1) The Three Kingdoms ( 삼국사기 + 삼국유사 -only source) – root of Korean history No monolithic, continuous states in ancient history Geography ≠ political entity or borders Migration Borrowed from China – Buddhism ( 고구려 first) – no interference from China Confucianism – armored mounted warrior – strict law social stratification Gender equality Korguryo ( 주몽 )-plunder, Silla ( 혁거세 ) paekche 2) King Kwanggaet’o – led golden age of Korguryo “great expander of the Kingdom”, stele in Jilian, China, controversies stele (erected 414, rediscovered 19 th century 3) Bone-Rank System – social hierarchy back then – 1000years lasted ( 성골 (hallowed), 진골 (true) 6 두품 ), manifestation of the hierarchical social structure, 계급간 의 이동 X 4) Queen Sŏndŏk – 1 st female ruler in east Asian history Laid foundation of unification of three kingdom 9 th story pagoda, Buddhist monasteris, sending monks to china 에밀레종 , observatory, 5) Ch’oe Ch’iwŏn (867-?) – 6 th head rank, strict order system, great mind of unified Silla. passed Chinese gov exam proposed exam system to appoint men of talent – Kyewon Pilgyong Chip (20 essay) unable to rise high in gove self imposed exile away from capital 6) Parhae – puyo – korguryo – Parhae, forgotten until 19 th c Tae Cho yong – Koguryo or Malgal Choe Chi won “parhae = Korguryo” common view = elites are Korguryo, lower classes are malgal 해동성국 – 고구려 문화 “온돌” King Mu “recovered koguryo land and continued puyo customs” letter to Japan 7) Later Three Kingdoms Korguryo ( 궁예 – the ugly, the violent) – Silla prince, monk to solider to king, call himself Buddha, gathered farmers, local landlord, and monks Paekche (yi kyonhwan) – surrendered to Wangkwon, overthrown by oldest son King Kyungsun – last Sillan King 8) Wang Kŏn (King T’aejo, r. 918-943) – lay the strong foundation of Koryo with efficient political system, national teacher. Family of maritime interests, Kaesung, support from landlords and merchants, Kyonsun highest post in his govt Reduced tax in 고려 , national teacher( 국사 ), many wives, gave Wang surname, accommodate fallen Parhae, paekche, silla elites and people
` 9) Kim Pusik (1075-1151) – 삼국사기 , 묘청의난 진압 , 통일신라 Kim’s desire to affirm Koryo as the legitimate successor to Silla ( 삼국사기 ) History as a guide to correct gov’t and personal behavior Influential in shaping Korean views of themselves Marginalized Koguryo and Parhae – Korean history firmly in 반도 10) Myoch’ŏng – rebellion, - Shin Chae ho highly praised it. It will alter whole Korean history more strong and independent. – failure of the movement decreased the literal ideology from Koryon people -> fall of Koryo eventually, increasing influence of 대부 move capital to 서경 , King Injong built palace in 서경 , civil officer gainst it Kim pu sik suppressed rebellion 11) Military Coup of 1170 – military officials gained political power for a century, which is huge part of Koryon period.

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