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relational1 - COMMUNICATING IN CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS...

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COMMUNICATING IN CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS CHAPTER.8
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Malsow’s hierarchy needs Illustration of how people’s needs are ranked in order of  importance People are basically good and unselfish but need to  satisfy certain lower-level needs before they can  demonstrate their goodness Maslow places our social needs on the third level, just  after physical and safety needs.
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RELATIONSHIP, def. the mode in which two or more things stand to  one another (dict.)  bond between two people that is reflected in their  interaction patterns and their perceptions of these  patterns (your textbook)
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When we form relationships  … Quality of interaction helps shape the  quantity of comm. Comm. reflects the type of relationship that  exists The way we relate with someone defines our  relationship (personal or impersonal) Relationships are not unchanging Relationship is less a thing than a process Relationships can be reinvented (who has  power, how affection is expressed)
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Theories about relationship Uncertainty reduction theory (URT) Attraction theory Social exchange theory Relationship dialectics Attachment theory
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URT (Berger & Calabrese, 1975) >> describes relationship development as a process of reducing  uncertainty about one another. >> high uncertainty prevents intimacy, whereas low  uncertainty creates intimacy. Similarly high uncertainty  decreases liking for another person, whereas low uncertainty  increases liking.
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Attraction theory We develop relationships with others on the basis  of three major factors:  attractiveness (physical  appearance and personality) Proximity similarity
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A. Physical Appearance and Personality A person may be attractive because of physical appearance or personality   >>(Hatfield & Sprecher, 1983 & Mehrabian &  Blum, 2003) Appearance especially important in the early stages of a  relationship >> ‘computer dance’
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B.  Proximity   We are likely to develop relationships with people  with whom we interact frequently. ‘’mere exposure hypothesis’’: exposure may lead to  liking  (Zajonc, 1986)
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C. SIMILARITY what are some of the qualities that this person would possess?
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