Part Two Essays : A. Pivotal Presidential Elections and the Environment 1912, 1932, 1952, 1964, 1980We pick four; you write on three Winning and losing candidates are listed on the exam sheet. Tell the overall story and the environmental issues asthey are involved in the outcome and/or the aftermath of each election. Election of 1912 William Howard Taft of the Republican Party Theodore Roosevelt of the Progressive Party(Bull Moose Party) Woodrow Wilson of the Democratic Party Eugene V Debs of the Socialist Party of America Pre-Election Atmosphere: The election became a debate over political philosophy Wilson won largely because Roosevelt and the progressive party split the republican vote with Taft and the republican party Wilson wanted to limit banks control over the financial system o Conflicts between preservationists(Muir) and conservationists(Pinchot). Theodore Roosevelt acknowledged both but sided with conservationists more often. o Teddy and Gifford Pinchot were boys who worked together on environmental issues during Roosevelt’s presidency. Teddy had control of vast amounts of forests set aside by President Grover Cleveland through the Forest Reserve Act of 1891. o Roosevelt signed the Transfer Act in 1905, which transferred control of forests from Dept. of Interior to US Forest Service, which he appointed Pinchot to lead. o Established Bureau of Reclamation to build and maintain irrigation systems in the US. h o Teddy hand picked Taft to be his successor in 1908 election. o Taft and Pinchot didn’t get along because Pinchot exposed Taft and Richard Ballinger, Secretary of Interior, of selling public lands.
- Fall '14