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Unformatted text preview: Ruchie Singh Sociology 101 Pages: 44-101 The life course provides one such perspective, a way of interpreting biographies, by emphasizing people’s social circumstances and experiences as they extend from birth to death. Even within a life course framework, there are many ways to describe and attempt to explain biographies. The life course is a paradigm, which means that it is a cohesive set of concepts, principals, ideas, and methods. Life course principals refer to the intellectual posts that guide the imagination in thinking about social context, social change and behavioral development, as well the contexts that link them. Originally induced from Glen Elder’s Children of the Great Depression Linking mechanisms : they identify processes by which transitions and behavioral development are interrelated. Often Broad scale historical changes coincided with personal scale changes. Broad scale historical changes : Economic or political collapse War Natural Disaster Famine Personal-Scale Changes : Divorce or marital dissolution Death of a Spouse A geographic move, change of schools Onset of serious illness of a family member Marriage Parenthood Retirement Principals of the Life Course Paradigm : The life course takes on different patterns in different historical times and geographic places Each graduating class encounters a different labor market with different opportunities and forms of employment. During depressions or recessions the differences can be vast. Successes or failures of ones first job can have ramifications for one’s career. Examples: Great Depression World War II The importance of situational imperatives, which refer to the demands or requirements of a new situation. The more demanding the situation, the more individual behavior is constrained to meet role expectations. The situational imperatives fail to capture the full importance of social context because they neglect interpersonal relationships and the dynamic quality of social change and aging. Linked Lives: the third principal says that the effects of social change on a person’s life greatly depend on his or her network of interpersonal relationships, including, for example, immediately and extended family members, mentors and close friends. Three types of change illustrate the mechanism of interdependent or linked lives. The times of change altered the household economy by shifting it towards more labor-intensive operations. Another type of change modified family structure by increasing the relative power of the mother, reducing the attractiveness of the father as a role model, and undermining the level and effectiveness of parental control....
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Shanahan during the Spring '08 term at UNC.
- Spring '08