HistoryofJournalism.pdf - PART-II HISTORY OF JOURNALISM IV...

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HISTOR COM UNIVER SCHOO Calicut Univer PART-II ORY OF JOURNALIS IV Semester MPLEMENTARY COURSE For BA ENGLISH (2011 Admission) RSITY OF CALICU OL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION rsity P.O. Malappuram, Kerala, India 673 6 384 SM UT 635
School of Distance Education Part-II - History of Journalism 2 UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION STUDY MATERIAL COMPLEMENTARY COURSE For BA ENGLISH IV Semester PART-II - HISTORY OF JOURNALISM Prepared & Scrutinized by : Dr. N. Padmanabhan, Associate Professor, P. G. Department of History, C. A. S. College, Madayi, P.O.Payangadi, PIN – 670358, Kannur (Dt.), Kerala. Layout: Computer Section, SDE © Reserved
School of Distance Education Part-II - History of Journalism 3 UNIT CONTENT PAGE I BEGINNING OF MODERN JOURNALISM IN KERALA 05-11 II NATIONALIST MOVEMENT AND THE PRESS IN KERALA 12- 24 III KERALA PRESS TODAY 25-32 IV INDEPENDENCE AND THE CHANGES IN THE FIELD OF THE PRESS 33-46 V DEVELOPMENT OF PRESS IN THE POST- INDEPENDENT PERIOD 47-66 VI RECENT TRENDS 67-120
School of Distance Education Part-II - History of Journalism 4
School of Distance Education Part-II - History of Journalism 5 UNIT-I BEGINNING OF MODERN JOURNALISM IN KERALA Early Journals of Kerala The history of Malayalam journalism is over hundred and fifty years old. Its genealogy is often traced to Christian missionaries who brought out books and periodicals for the propagation of religion. The first Malayalam book Samkshepa Vedartham was printed in Rome, by Fr. Clement Piyanias in 1772. The first Malayalam book to be printed on Indian soil was a translation of the New Testament in 1418 at Courier Press, Bombay. In 1811, the New Testament in Malayalam was printed here. Philippose Rampan did its translation. It was the first book in Malayalam printed in Indian soil. It was Benjamin Bailey who started printing from Kottayam in 1821. Using the types given by Fort St. George College of Madras, he printed the first book Cherupaithangal in 1824. Not satisfied with the types, he designed a new set of Malayalam types in 1829 and used them for printing the New Testament. It was in 1845, that a litho press was set up in Malabar at Illikkunnu near Thalasseri by Rev. Herman Gundert of the Basal Mission.It was here that Gundert made history in June 1847, by launching Rajyasamacharam, the first newspaper in Malayalam. It had eight cyclostyled sheets in demy octave. Reading matter was spread across the pages without columns and cross heads to break the monotony. Neither the masthead nor the print line featured the Editor’s name. The reading matter was exclusively of religious nature. By the time it ceased publication in late 1850, forty-two issues had seen the light of the day. In October 1847 Gundart stated another publication called Paschimodayam.Like its predecessor the Paschimodayam, too, was cyclostyled, but it carried articles on geography, history, natural science and even astrology.It had a formal editor in F.Muller.The annual subscription was one rupee. There was even a change in size and format - the Paschimodayam appeared in royal octavo garb. It would seem to have ceased publication around mid-1851.

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