HISTORCOMUNIVERSCHOOCalicut UniverPART-IIORY OF JOURNALISIV SemesterMPLEMENTARY COURSEForBA ENGLISH(2011 Admission)RSITY OF CALICUOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONrsity P.O. Malappuram, Kerala, India 673 6384SMUT635
School of Distance EducationPart-II - History of Journalism3UNITCONTENTPAGEIBEGINNING OF MODERN JOURNALISM INKERALA05-11IINATIONALIST MOVEMENT AND THE PRESS INKERALA12- 24IIIKERALA PRESS TODAY25-32IVINDEPENDENCE AND THE CHANGES IN THEFIELD OF THE PRESS33-46VDEVELOPMENT OF PRESS IN THE POST-INDEPENDENT PERIOD47-66VIRECENT TRENDS67-120
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School of Distance EducationPart-II - History of Journalism5UNIT-IBEGINNING OF MODERN JOURNALISM IN KERALAEarly Journals of KeralaThe history of Malayalam journalism is over hundred and fifty years old. Itsgenealogy is often traced to Christian missionaries who brought out books andperiodicals for the propagation of religion. The first Malayalam bookSamkshepaVedarthamwas printed in Rome, by Fr. Clement Piyanias in 1772. The firstMalayalam book to be printed on Indian soil was a translation of theNewTestamentin 1418 at Courier Press, Bombay. In 1811, theNew TestamentinMalayalam was printed here. Philippose Rampan did its translation. It was thefirst book in Malayalam printed in Indian soil.It was Benjamin Bailey who started printing from Kottayam in 1821. Usingthe types given by Fort St. George College of Madras, he printed the first bookCherupaithangalin 1824. Not satisfied with the types, he designed a new set ofMalayalam types in 1829 and used them for printing theNew Testament.It wasin 1845, that a litho press was set up in Malabar at Illikkunnu near Thalasseriby Rev. Herman Gundert of the Basal Mission.It was here that Gundert madehistory in June 1847, by launchingRajyasamacharam, thefirst newspaper inMalayalam. It had eight cyclostyled sheets in demy octave. Reading matter wasspread across the pages without columns and cross heads to break themonotony. Neither the masthead nor the print line featured the Editor’s name.The reading matter was exclusively of religious nature. By the time it ceasedpublication in late 1850, forty-two issues had seen the light of the day.In October 1847 Gundart stated another publication calledPaschimodayam.Like its predecessor thePaschimodayam,too, was cyclostyled,but it carried articles on geography, history, natural science and even astrology.Ithad a formal editor in F.Muller.The annual subscription was one rupee. Therewas even a change in size and format - thePaschimodayamappeared in royaloctavo garb. It would seem to have ceased publication around mid-1851.