Crim Law – OUTLINEActus reus & Mens reaoActus - voluntariness is importantPossessionoA large amount of criminal charges brought are based around possessionAs high as 20 %oSO what are the borders or parameters of possession?oSee Maldonado p. 128U.S. v. JenkinsoTwo guys sitting in front of table with cocaine, scales, small bags, loaded guns, and containers and caps, etc.oIn trial, Jenkins is convicted of possession (constructive)But appeal court says that mere physical proximity is not constructive possessionYou have to exercise effective power and intent to exercise control.It was not Jenkins apartment…Evidence does NOT show constructive possession.State v. CaseyoSomeone comes into defendant’s trailer with a gunoCops take everyone out oDefendant wants to go back into trailer and the cops arrest him for possession of the gunoBut defendant did not know anything about the gun and no evidence that he knew anything about gun.Guests maintain dominion and power over what the possess when they enter your home/placeoGuilty by trial court, charged with felon in poss. of firearmState Supreme. Ct. reversed chargesActus Reus – Harm – Crim Law – 9.7.16 The Harm principle - Harm comes into play where, a person’s right to extend their arm, ends at another person’s face/body”Actus Reus – doesn’t necessarily mean a morally bad act, but a legally wrong act.Crim Law – Voluntariness – 9.12.16Voluntariness – different than Mens ReaoVoluntariness is really closely related to the physical actoEasy to think of this by its opposite; that is, what acts are involuntaryPeople V. NewtonoNewton had concealed loaded gun and boarded a plane from Bahamas to LuxembourgoPilot found this out and landed plane in NYoThey charged him on NY statute: “any person who has loaded weapon or weapon with ammunition together” – he met these terms two foldoNew York law enforcement got admission from Newton on possession of weapon.oTrial Court finds him guilty
But Sup. Court says that he did not “voluntarily” put himself in NY, so the statutes could notapplyCase reversed and remanded for trial on federal international statuteoStatutes all have implicit jurisdictional notes to them about where you must be in order to be charged on those statutesMartin v. StateoStatute: Code 1940, Title 14, Sec. 120Any person who appears in a public place where one or more persons are present while intoxicated or drunk and manifests a condition by boisterous or indecent conduct, loud and profane discourse… “Elements:oIntoxicated – Performed? – YES / Voluntary? - YESoAppears in public – Performed? – YES / Vol.? - NOoManifests drunken condition – Perf.? – YES / Vol.? - YESoMartin was arrested and detained by police in his home, taken out to the hwy and performed prescribed acts of statue.