11.07.07 - Vergil's Aeneid Introduction Rome: Cultural...

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Vergil’s Aeneid Introduction Rome: Cultural Context ‘Greece’ and ‘Rome’: not equivalent Greece: a cultural sphere defined by shared language, traditions (including myth), and cultural practices Rome: an individual city in Latium, a specific region of Italy whose inhabitants spoke Latin; earliest settlements c.1000 BCE, organized city-state by c.2600 BCE (Archaic period) Archaic period: time of Greek and Phoenician colonization and cultural expansion Extensive Greek colonization in southern Italy as far north as Bay of Naples; significant Greek cultural influence throughout Italy Significant Greek influence on Roman culture starting in the Archaic period esp. religion o Early Romans identified some native Italian deities with Greek deities , and applied the attributes and stories of the Greek gods to Italian equivalents: Minerva becomes like Athena, Juno like Hera, Venus like Aphrodite (see full list in course pack) o Early Romans adopted some Greek deities and heroes outright: Apollo, Herakles (Latin Hercules) Latin literature largely based on Greek models; absorption via literature o Livius Andronicus, earliest known Latin author (active 240-207 BCE): wrote epic (an adaptation of the Odyssey), tragedies (attested titles include
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course CLAS 131 taught by Professor James during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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11.07.07 - Vergil's Aeneid Introduction Rome: Cultural...

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