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HagopianGarine HagopianProfessor SanchezPHIL 186-03Due: January 12, 2018Term Paper: Virtue EthicsFor this assignment, I have decided to analyze five case studies and the involvement, or lack thereof, of the virtue of ethics. I chose to do virtue ethics because I wanted to get a better understanding of what this theory is all about. Virtue ethics focuses on an individual character and ethical thinking without rules on the acts themselves or the consequences thereafter. Aristotle declared that in order to be virtuous, an individual should have ideal character traits. Being virtuous also means that one who holds a certain trait, or traits, carries that trait throughouttheir lifetime because that is who they are and not because it is their duty or want something in return. In addition, virtue ethics does not provide us with rules that tell us how we should or shouldn’t because there is no clear guidance, instead, one should “act as a virtuous person would act given the situation.” (Athanassoulis). Aristotle states that there are two fundamental ethical questions that we must ask ourselves: “what is a good person” and “what is the best way to live?” (Glatz, Pg. 50). By seeking the answers to these questions, we find out what the good for man is. He moves on to explain that the greatest good for man is happiness and it isn’t a feeling or a mood, it is a state of being. A virtuous person acts in a virtuous way that is purely from rational though and not instinct. The five cases that I have chosen are the Challenger Disaster, The Parable of the Sadhu, The Housing Allowance, Enron, and Blood for Sale. These cases are all great examples of how virtue ethics is present or completed disregarded.The first case study is the Challenger Disaster. This case study is about the worst disaster in the aerospace industry which occurred in January of 1986 that resulted in an explosion1
Hagopianof the Challenger space shuttle. Florida was experiencing unusually low temperatures which caused the O-rings that seal in the booster rocket joints to fail. Mortin Thoikol, Inc. was the company who was responsible for making the booster rockets for NASA’s shuttles. Many months before the launch, Roger Boisjoly, an engineer who was working on the project, had beenexpressing concerns about the O-rings and did not believe that it was safe to launch the Challenger space shuttle. He spent a great amount of time conducting research and it led him to find that low temperatures could possibly compromise the seals and critical joints in the booster rockets. Boisjoly mentioned his worry to upper management but they did not consider this an urgent matter. The day before the launch, Boisjoly and his team disapproved of the launch because of the low temperature but NASA’s administrators disagreed and Thiokol’s upper management disregarded the concerns and warnings and gave the green light to launch the Challenger. After the disaster occurred that killed seven astronauts, Boisjoly was placed on a team to investigate. Later, his position changed and he was secluded from NASA and being able