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Week 1 Notes - Religion 104 Introduction to the New...

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Religion 104- Introduction to the New Testament January 14, 2008 The Formation of the New Testament I. The Leading Questions ~How did the New Testament come into existence? ~Early Christians did not agree on what should be in the New Testament for 300 years -What other early Christian books were written? -Why were some accepted as Scripture and others not? -Who made these decisions? -On what grounds did they make them? -When did they make them? That is, when did we first get a canon of Scripture? II. Layout of the New Testament 1. Gospels: The Beginnings of Christianity (4 books) a. Four books that deal with the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus: b. Matthew, Mark, Luke, John 2. Acts: The Spread of Christianity (1 Book) a. Written by Luke b. About how Christianity spread throughout Rome after Jesus death 3. Epistles: (a letter) The Beliefs and Ethnics of Christianity (21 Books) a. Pauline (13 Books) b. General (8 Books) i. Written more broadly ii. Also called the Catholic Epistle 4. Revelation: The Culmination of Christianity (1 Book) III Some Books that Didn’t Get Included A. The Infancy Gospel of Thomas a. Jesus was powerful and mischievous b. Talks about a time in Jesus life as a child starting at the age of 5 to 12 c. The story ends with Jesus talking to Jews in a temple B. The Epistle of Barnabas a. Allegedly written by Paul’s companion, Barnabas b. Thesis of book is the relationship to Judaism and that Christianity is superior c. This book is very anti-jewish d. The book is meant to be taken figuratively
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