Task 3.docx - Survey of US History C121 Task 3 A Changes in...

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Survey of US HistoryC121Task 3A.Changes in Race RelationsThere were three major changes in race relations that resulted from Reconstruction. The first major change was the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished unwilling slavery and also gave Congress the power to enforce by “appropriate legislation.” This means slaves would be free for good and no longer stuck with their “owner.” They now had the freedom to live wherever and however they wanted. When the votes passed by two-thirds, congress rejoiced. This was a huge moment in American history and a step in the right direction as a nation. The vote did not pass easily, though. The Amendment only gained two votes more than the the two-thirds rule. To help pass this Amendment, women like Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and the Women’s Loyal National League petitioned and advocated to abolish slavery. It was one of the most remarkable petitions (Norton, 2015). A second change was the Freemen’s Bureau. The Freemen’s Bureau was created on March 3,1865 by congress. The agency “had responsibility for the relief, education, and employment of former slaves as well as white refugees.” In just four years, the agency supplied food and medical services. It was build thousands of schools and a few colleges. Along with that, between the bureau and former masters, it negotiated thousands of employment contracts and managed confiscated land. The Bureau did cause a lot of controversy. Many white Southerners hated it which caused politicians to be divided over its constitutionality (Norton, 2015). The third change was the sharecropping system. Sharecropping was a system where landowners (white males) would “furnish” food like seed to farmers and then receive payment for a chunk of the crop. This worked out well for former slaves. White landowners were willing to bargain with them. This also helped landowners’ problems with cash and provided a permanent and dependent labor force. Many black farmers liked this because they were not supervised any longer. B.Consequences of Industrialization One consequence of industrialization on American society was the changing status of labor. People used to be paid on quality and craftsmanship. Then it shifted. Americans then startedbecoming wage workers. This means they worked when someone hired or paid them. More jobs not only opened up for Americans, but there were jobs open to immigrants (Norton, 2015)
To cut labor costs, women and children were hired. They were able to pay them low wages.

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