01 AAA Sea Power

01 AAA Sea Power - Have the benefits of command of the sea...

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Have the benefits of command of the sea been worth the costs 1815-1945? Command at sea—the ability to use the sea for ones own purposes (mahan) Elements of Sea Power 1. Geographic Position 2. Physical Conformation 1815—Napoleonic Wars 1823—Monroe Doctrine Civil War 1945— Benefits Protecting Freedom—how do you put a price on freedom? Provided Jobs, saved us from depression. Economic—port benefits, trading routes Technological advancement—weather pattern research, Submarines and Aviation-- Increased trade— Security— Dualistic Theme—the economic and military supremacy that comes with control of the sea Monroe Doctrine Fewer people die in a Naval Battle than in a Land Battle ( Civil War —Antitam. taking all the ports there is a total loss of considerably fewer than the land battles. WWI Battle of Jutland, 8,000 british and Germans died. In the Land Battles, Millions died) For the US, the british incurred most of the trial and error costs. Costs In 1815 the Naval Budget was $1 million dollars a year, 41 Warships, 645 officers and 5,540 men. (1868-1883)—Budget is $20 million/yr 1915-- 1945-- Research and development in the Navy—trial error of the british. Boilors at Sea, from roots of coal. Lloyds of London Insurance Company—an Insurance company that insured ships, because there was such a good probability that the investment would be worthwhile Naval Arms Race-- Britain managed to maintain a small army for a long time. A large navy has Command of the Sea 1815-1945 Benefits:
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- No Nation that has had command of the sea has fought a Battle on their own soil - Economic- Can keep sea lanes open for trade; protect merchant fleets - To What Extent has the United States followed a Blue Water Strategy since 1890 To what extent has the US followed a "Blue Water Stragegy" since 1890? Blue water strategy —A conscience national strategy designed to avoid entanglement in costly land warfare. It focus on national effort, on naval economics and diplomatic operations. The intent is to protect and promote one’s own maritime commerce and empire, if applicable, while eliminating that of your adversary. Ideally, Continental allies will be found to engage your enemy on land, thereby reducing his ability to resist maritime operations. Similarly, these allies possibly supported by economic aid will weaken the enemy through costly land campaigned. the naval portion of a blue water strategy involves destruction of an enemy fleet, interdiction of enemy trade, seizure of enemy colonies, protection of friendly commerce, blockade of enemy ports and amphibious attacks upon the enemy’s coast. The geopolitical positions of the states involved are a key factor in determining the efficiency of such a strategy. Monroe Doctrine—a prime result of blue water strategy.
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course PWAD 086 taught by Professor Boxill during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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01 AAA Sea Power - Have the benefits of command of the sea...

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