5.- Chapter 19, 20 & 21 Review.docx - Key Concepts(The...

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Key Concepts (The following questions can be answered with short-answer responses.) 1. The social Gospel did not believe in Social Darwinism, whose focus was on “survival of the fittest,” and not on Jesus-inspired kindness. 2. Among the functions of settlement houses included teaching new immigrants how to become and live like middle class Americans, providing meeting places for local residents to hold political and community meetings, observing the poor to find out their needs and study social conditions in the community, and providing free health care for the poor. 3. In Twenty Years at Hull House (1910) Jane Adams wrote that her work at Hull House, which she founded, had given her life meaning for the first time. 4. Unlike the Anti-Saloon League (which was mostly composed of men, like prominent leader Wayne Wheeler), the women-dominated Women´s Christian Temperance League (WCTL) pushed for local, mandatory education programs on the evils of alcohol. 5. The Galveston hurricane of 1900 helped spur demands that local and state governments be more responsive to people's needs. 6. The Initiative and the referendum allowed citizens to collect a few thousand signatures on a petition to get their idea on a ballot. 7. Progressive governor Robert "Battling Bob" La Follette secured passage of his " Wisconsin Idea ," which created commissions of experts that produced laws to conserve natural resources, regulate railroad companies, and implement workers' compensation. 8. President Theodore Roosevelt considered the White House to be a "bully pulpit" from which he could intervene in national affairs. 9. When President Theodore Roosevelt spoke of his " square deal," he referred to his fair and balanced approach to the relationship between labor and business. 10. The Sherman Antitrust Act was the federal government's first attempt to break up monopolies, one not widely used until Theodore Roosevelt took office as President. 11. Unhappy with the way his successor, William Howard Taf , was running the country, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party and ran against him. 12. The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 established a regional banking system under control of the federal government. 13. The Underwood Tarif was the first tariff reduction since the Civil War. 14. The creation of the Federal Trade Commission was one of President Wilson ’s most significant achievements.

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