psych vocab chapter 6.docx - CamilleDeSanto Hoyos APPsych...

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Camille DeSanto Hoyos  AP Psych  25 March 2017 Chapter 6 vocab memory- the mental processes that enable you to retain and retrieve information over time encoding- the process of transforming information into a form that can be entered and retained  by the memory system storage- the process of retaining information in memory so that it can be used at a later time retrieval- the process of recovering information stored in memory so that we are consciously  aware of it stage model of memory- a model describing memory as consisting of 3 distinct stages: sensory  memory, short term memory and long term memory sensory memory- the stage of memory that registers information from the environment and  holds it for a very brief period of time  short- term memory- the active stage of memory in which information is stored for about 20 sec- onds long term memory- the stage of memory that represents the long term storage of information maintenance rehearsal- the mental or verbal repetition of information in order to maintain it be- yond the usual 20 second duration of short term memory chunking- increasing the amount of information that can be held in short term memory by group- ing related items together in a single unit, or chunk working memory- the temporary storage and active, conscious manipulation o information  needed for complex cognitive tasks such as reasoning, learning, and problem solving elaborative rehearsal- rehearsal that involves focusing on the meaning of information to help en- code or transfer it to long term memory procedural memory- category of long term memory that includes memories of different skills, op-
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