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Philosophy Paper

Philosophy Paper - Many notable names in the upper echelon...

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Many notable names in the upper echelon of philosophy have attempted to prove or at least rationalize the existence of God. David Hume, in his book Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion attempts to distinguish between faith and reason. Rene Descartes, in Meditations on First Philosophy , dedicates his third meditation to attempting to prove the existence of God, an omnipotent, infinite and perfect being. He presents two arguments, both of which end with him concluding that God exists. However, there are gaps in his arguments and contradictions in his writings that lead one to believe otherwise. In the course of this paper I will attempt to present Descartes’ arguments, the counterarguments I have drawn from the third meditation along with the other five meditations and finally I will draw a conclusion about on the existence of God. In his third meditation Descartes makes a distinction between three types of ideas: invented, innate and adventitious. Innate ideas have always been with us, while invented ideas come from our imagination and adventitious ideas we have developed through experiences. He concludes that the idea of God is innate and placed in us by God and rejects the notion that the idea of God could be invented or adventitious (Descartes, 3 rd Meditation). After this distinction is made then his first argument consists of six clauses: Descartes admits to having an idea of God. His idea of God is one of a perfect and infinite substance. That idea must have a cause. Nothing comes from nothing. The cause for living comes from God and he knows that he is not infinitely prefect.
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