Chapter 4 - Chapter 4: Social Groups and Formal...

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Chapter 4: Social Groups and Formal Organizations Associations with a stable set of expectations o Relationships – expressive ties (emotional) and instrumental ties (goal oriented) o Group – two or more people bound in stable patterns of social interaction sharing a sense of unity o We make groups real by treating them as real – social fact Group Relationships (Primary and Secondary Groups) o Primary Group – small, intimate, informal, face to face interactions o Crucial to socialization – bridges individual to society o Meets most of our personal need (e.g. family) o Secondary Group – 2+ people, impersonal; together for specific purpose (e.g., work group) In-groups and Out-groups o In-group – a group we belong to and identify with (“WE”) o Provides us with social identities o Creates a “social membrane” o Out-Group – a group we do not belong to nor identify with (“THEY”) o Experience indifference, conflict, or competition Reference Groups o Reference groups – social units we use for appraising and shaping
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course SOCIOLOGY 202 taught by Professor C.dawson during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.

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Chapter 4 - Chapter 4: Social Groups and Formal...

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