psych vocab chapter 8.docx - CamilleDeSanto Hoyos APPsych...

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Camille DeSanto Hoyos  AP Psych 7 April 2017 Chapter 8 Vocab motivation- the biological, emotional, cognitive, or social forces that activate and direct behavior instinct theory- the view that certain human behaviors are innate and due to evolutionary pro- gramming drive theory- the view that behavior is motivated by the desire to reduce internal tension caused  by unmet biological needs homeostasis- the idea that the body monitors and maintains internal states, such as body tem- perature and energy supplies, at a relatively constant levels drive-a need or internal motivational state that activates behavior to reduce the need and re- store homeostasis incentive theory- the view that behavior is is motivated by the pull of external goals such as re- wards arousal theory- the view that people are motivated to maintain a level of arousal that is optimal-  neither too high or too low sensation seeking- the degree to which an individual is motivated to experience high levels of  sensory and physical arousal associated with varied novel activities humanistic theories of motivation- the view that emphasizes the importance of psychological  and cognitive factors in motivation, especially the notion that people are motivated to realize  their personal potential glucose- simple sugar that provides energy and is primarily produced by the conversion of carbs and fats; blood sugar insulin- hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates blood levels of glucose and signals  the hypothalamus, regulation hunger and eating behavior
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