Test 3 Notes Poli Sci - 2/27/08 Campaigns and Elections The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 2/27/08 Campaigns and Elections The Logic of Elections In a rep. democracy hoe do you keep the needs of the people ahead of the desires and ambitions of reps.? Regular, free elections work to ameliorate this problem: o [Madisons idea to elect every 2 yrs.] o Top goal is reelection o The prospect of future elections gives office holders who want to keep or improve their jobs a motive to be responsible agents. The Right to Vote Most common form of political participation in the U.S. Voting The history of suffrage in the U.S. [White male land owners who were over 21;states decided] Property Qualifications [First one to go] o Prior to Civil War [white males, 21 or older] Universal suffrage for white males Suffrage for Women The 19 th Amendment (1920) [White 21 yrs. And older] Suffrage Rights for Black Americans o The 15 th Amendment (1870) [Cant deny someone the right to vote due to race, ect.] o State Restrictions: White Primary [The supreme court outlawed in 1944Smith D. Allright] Literacy Tests Poll Taxes [24 th Amed. 1964] o Suffrage for blacks was not universal until the Voting Rights Act of 1965 Males and females 21 years or older o The 26 th Amendment (1971) Gave 18-20 year old citizens the right to vote Who Uses the Right to Vote? o Elections yield collective benefits People enjoy the payoffs even if they have not helped to produce them by voting A single vote is not likely to make much of a difference o Voter Turnout in the US Levels Presidential: 50% Congressional: 30-35% 2004 Presidential Election: 55% Comparison to European Democracies: 75-80% o Individual Factors Affecting Turnout Age [the older, the more] Education [more education, the more; single best ] Income [Higher, the more] Race [Hispanics lack way behind, then A.A., then whites] Early voting [Most Americans say that they cant vote due to going to work; doesnt increase voting] In person absentee voting [by mail; give excuse] Only provides people who already wanted to vote with options o Photo ID needed when voting [6 forms; govt issued] Variations in Turnout Over Time?...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course POLS 1101 taught by Professor Cann during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

Page1 / 10

Test 3 Notes Poli Sci - 2/27/08 Campaigns and Elections The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online