Damiana LeeSOC-220December 12, 2017Professor Kerich UrbanizationUrbanization is the movement of people from rural areas to urban areas. Urbanization means “the act or fact of urbanizing, or taking on the characteristics of a city.” This then results togrowth of cities. “Industrialization ushered in ever-increasing urbanization, with cities growing farlarger than their preindustrial predecessors” (Sullivan, 2016, pg. 352). It is also a process by which rural areas are changed into urban areas. Urbanization is a process that has occurred, or is occurring, in nearly every part of the world that humans have lived. People move into cities to seek economic opportunities such as a job. Urbanization is measured by the percentage of people,who are urban in a society, a region or the world. Urbanization analyses the relationship between the total population and its urban component. It is mostly used as a demographic indicator or in the demographic sense to where there is an increase in the urban population to the total population over a period of time.The concept of urbanization has a double meaning, demographically and sociologically. The demographic meaning refers to the increasing proportion of population in a country or a region that lives in cities. According to Sullivan (2016), “demography is the study of the size, composition, and distribution of human populations and how these factors change over time” (pg.346). The most important thing in world population growth is human values and desires. Effectivecontraception procedures have been available for some time, but so long as people place a high value on having many children, world population will continue to grow. At times in U.S. history, before modern contraceptives were available, the birthrate was very low because people chose to 1
have fewer children. Sociologically, it refers to the behavior, institutions and materialistic things
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