PSYCH Exam 4 review

PSYCH Exam 4 review - Social Psychology, Chapter 14 1. What...

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1. What is social psychology? It is the study of attitudes, persuasion, self-understanding, and almost all everyday behaviors of relatively normal people in their relationships with others. 2. What is the primacy effect? The first information we learn about someone influences us more that later information does. 3. What is prejudice? What are stereotypes and discrimination? Prejudice is an unfavorable attitude toward a group of people. A stereotype is a generalized belief or expectation about a group of people. Discrimination is the unequal treatment of different groups. 4. What is an attitude? Attitude is a like or dislike that influences our behavior toward someone or something. 5. Be able to describe the movie Eye of the Storm . In 1970 a famous experiment was conducted concerning the construction of prejudice. Third graders where given different treatment based on their eye color. It was a landmark study in the effects of prejudice in our society. 6. What is an attribution? What is the difference between internal/dispositional and external/situational attributions? Attribution is the set of thought processes we use to assign causes to our own behavior and that of others. Internal attributions are explanantions based on somone’s individual characteristics, such as attitudes, personality traits, or abilities. External attributions are explanations based on the situation, including events that presumably would influence almost anyone. 7. Be able to describe and recognize examples of the attributional errors (fundamental attribution error, actor-observer difference, self-serving bias, and self-fulfilling prophecy). Fundamental attribution error is to make internal attributions for people’s behavior even when we see evidence for an external influence on behavior. Actor-observer difference is people are more likely to make internal attributions for other people’s behavior and more likely to make external attributions for their own. Self-serving biases is attributions what we adopt to maximize our credit for our success and minimize our blame for our failure. Sefl- fulfilling prophecy is a prediction that directly or indirectly causes itself to become true. 8. What is conformity? What does it have to do with social norms? Conformity mean maintaining or changing one’s behavior to match the behavior or expectations of others. Conformity influences and maintence social norms. 9. What is the difference between public conformity and private acceptance? Public conformity conformst to a society particular way or style. Private acceptance is where a person genuinely believes that the information is right. 10. Be able to describe the Asch (1956) line experiment. Experiments led by Solomon Asch asked students to participate in a "vision test." In reality, all but one of the participants were confederates of the experimenter, and the study was really about how the remaining student would react to the confederates' behavior. 11.
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course PSY 201 taught by Professor Mayhorn during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.

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PSYCH Exam 4 review - Social Psychology, Chapter 14 1. What...

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