Mayhorn-Test4

Mayhorn-Test4 - Social Development Outline Emotional...

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Social Development: Outline Emotional Development Attachment 4 Phases of attachment Innate Infant Behavior Ainsworth’s “Strange Situation” Temperament Moral Reasoning and Development Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development Criticisms of Kohlberg
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Attachment Attachment: a long-term feeling of closeness between people, here we are referring to the fundamental emotional bond between caregiver and infant Four phases of attachment 1) babies respond to anyone 2) babies respond to parents in special ways 3) attachment to parents is clear, with babies staying close to parents and seeking them out, often experiencing separation anxiety and stranger anxiety Ideally, children progress to: 4) secure attachment that no longer requires the constant presence of the parents
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Innate Infant Behavior Cuddling -- infants typically adjust their posture to mold themselves to the contours of their parent’s body Looking -- serves as a signal to the parent. Even a very young infant seeks eye-to-eye contact with the parents Smiling - for almost any human, but especially for parents the smile of an infant is an exceedingly effective reinforcer Crying - For almost any adult the sound of an infant’s crying is intensely irritating or distressing
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Ainsworth’s “Strange Situation” Securely Attached (app. 65% of children) explores when mother is present is distressed when mother leaves greets her with enthusiasm when she returns Insecurely Attached: Anxious (app. 10-15% of children) does not explore even when mother is present; stays right by her side (clingy) very upset when mother leaves clingy when she returns Insecurely Attached: Avoidant (app. 20-25% of children) distant and aloof throughout little distress when mother leaves ignores her when she returns Disorganized (Relatively Rare): infant shows more fear than affection; least securely attached of all
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Temperament Temperament: characteristic reaction patterns of the individual that is present from an early age; thought to be largely genetic and constitutional in origin Two dimensions sociability: preference for interactions with others versus being left alone emotionality: tendency to be fearful, anxious
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Morality: A system of learned attitudes about social practices, institutions, and individual behavior that allows people to evaluate situations and behavior as right or wrong Moral Dilemmas: problems that pit one moral value against another
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Joe's father promised he could go to camp if he earned the $50 for it, and then changed his mind and asked Joe to give him the money he had earned. Joe lied and said he had only earned $10 and went to camp using the other $40 he had made. Before he went, he told his younger brother, Alex, about the money and about lying to their father. Should Alex tell their father? What do you think and what is your reasoning
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2008 for the course PSY 201 taught by Professor Mayhorn during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.

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Mayhorn-Test4 - Social Development Outline Emotional...

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