ww1 study guide.docx - 1 2 3 4 5 6 What are the causes of a...

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1. What are the causes of a large scale war (like WW!?) 2. To what extent is any war justifiable? 3. In what ways do governments manipulate people to do their bidding? 4. What is the impact of total war on those in battle? 5. Is Total War justifiable? 6. What lessons should be learned from WW1? 1. When did WW1 take place? What were the MAIN causes of the war. Identify what the difference is between each? June 28, 1914. Militarism -- nationalism increase, arms race increases. To have powerful nation, country MUST have strong military (must know how to quickly mobilize, organize and move troops in case of war, detailed plans). Having strong military made citizens feel patriotic and frightened people Alliance -- growth of international rivalries led to alliances. Alliance system designed to keep peace in Europe. Imperialism -- European nations competed for colonies in Africa and Asia so much towards war. Ex. 1905 and 1911, Germany and France fought over Morocco in northern Africa. Europe mostly supported France, so Germany backed down. Sense of rivalry and mistrusts for each other increased. Nationalism -- deep devotion to one’s nation. It can cause intense competition between nations when wanting to overpower one another. Happened between Germany, A-H, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, France. Caused by competition for materials and markets, like GB vs Germany. Germany competed for industrial dominance, and the new industries made its economy the fastest growing one in Europe. Nationalism also grows out of territorial disputes. Ex: 1) France never got over the fact that Germany took away Alsace-Lorraine during Franco-Prussian War. 2) A-H and Russia tried to take over Balkans (Pan-Slavic ppl). A-H got the land, so intense nationalism with Serbians and Russians. 2. Alliance system -- treaties, alliances, powers, ententes, etc. -- what were they, who were they between, including the Central powers vs. the Allies -- who were they? What were their advantages and disadvantages? 1864-1871, Prussia’s Bismarck freely used war to unify Germany and believed it to be a satisfied power. Then his next target was to maintain peace in Europe. Saw France as biggest threat to peace because France wanted revenge for defeat in Franco-Prussian war. So he wanted to isolate France . Formed alliance between Germany and A-H, then Italy for Triple Alliance. Bismarck then tried to take away France’s ally by making treaty with Russia. Alliances were unstable bc Russia and Austria hated each other bc of the Balkans.
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  • Fall '10
  • Mrs.Olivares

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