September 19, 2017 Esping Andersen - Three worlds of welfare capitalism o Formal Marxist turned social democrat background 1980 - what find important about welfare states? o Inductive approach - looking at welfare state elements and seeing how stack up o Three major principles Marxist tradition - commodification of labor Ensure that everyone has a certain minimum living standard independent of their market value Measures - level, eligibility, duration of benefits Pensions, unemployment insurance, sickness benefits Looking at generosity of benefits To what extent replacing wage - replacement ratio 1-3 scale (level) Who can get, how long have to work/lived there (eligibility) Duration of benefits Solidarity Universalism, lack of targeting, public provision Similar to institutionalist vs residualist Redistribution and poverty reduction Redistributive nature of programs (tax-based, equal benefits) and effect on inequality and poverty How financed has a big impact Ex: premiums based on scale of income vs money from taxes particularly income taxes Unemployment Benefits, sickness benefits, pensions Karl Polanyi - influencer of above The Great Transformation Early first ½ of century - effort made to have market system run everything, including things not really commodities Critic of the market as a self functioning efficient form of allocation After Looking at the categories, found 3 different Welfare Worlds o Social Democratic Regimes Large public sector, increasing decommodification, strong redistributive, high degree of gender equality Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium - primarily Scandinavian, sometimes last 2 as well Categorized by strong left-wing parties with a lot of influence Big Spenders Rely primarily on the state to provide welfare Conservative - Corporatist Rest of European continent, Japan, Finland Combination of familialist and Bismarckian social insurance programs Tend to be conservative in sense that not that redistributive - often occupation specific
Familialist - defends one breadwinner in the family Corporatist - Neo Corporatism System where the state coordinates and coruns with civil society organizations Governance in which collaborative administration of programs by powerful organizations in civil society and the state
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- Fall '10