September 21, 2017 Section 4: Theories of the Welfare State 2 kinds of theories: o one about the emergence of the welfare state don’t say much about historical differences o 2. E.x. Why has the U.S been so much slower/ less generous One comes from Polanyl ‘the great transformation’ (THEORY) o WS= Society’s self protections against the destructive threat of the ‘self- regulating … o 19 th C. Great Britain tried to create a labour force that was highly dependent on its standard of living o Believes it was a wrong headed attempt to create a commodity life – natural resources have to be bought and sold, not a right (commodification) o Capital is labour and resources o Effect is that the economy starts to rule and destroy society – relied on demand and supply Endless financial crisis, society would be fucked o To prevent you get the rise of the welfare state o What is the cause of the mechanism? Who implementing the welfare states? It is society defending itself, but what/ is society? The term is abstract Is it government acting on behalf of society? – in some sense this could be the case Modernization Theory (Garlington calls this the logic of industrialization theory) o Tries to explain the rise of the welfare state o It is part of an overall evolution of industrialization, urbanization rise of the welfare state o Argument: functionalism/ structuralism functionalism – describes society as coherent figurations of sub- systems, each of which has the function of allowing the overall system to survive Society Is a functional whole and the welfare state is part of the states exercise of maintaining health, order o
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- Fall '10