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STRUCTURALISM.docx - 02/23/2016 3 things about power 1-...

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02/23/2016°3 things about power°1- there are different expressions for power°2- it is the anthropologists job to identify expressions of power°3- power is something that people negotiate°Robins: on progress and development°°1-Old question:why are some societies civilized and others are not?°2- NEW version of this question: why are some societies developedand others are not?°°Lewis henry Mporgan and Leslie White°. Societiesprogress from “savagery ” to “civilization” through thedevelopment of technology°. popular interpretation a societies ability to to progress dependsupon wheather or not they are capable of developing technology.°. progress or becoming civilized means becoming westernized.°. there are actualy a variety of reasons for why different groups ofpeople have followed different historical paths.°°Why development fails:°. “development loans” can be counter productive.°. “developed” countries benefit over “underdeveloped” ones.°. They maintain this inequality through neocolonialism°when foreign governments and business continue to exploit theresources of past colonial states.
°°Imperialism: political and economic control over others.°In the “western ” headspace . developed and underdevelopedcountries are opposites, and each has a specific set°of characteristics°. but do they really?°°In anthropologist’s headspace°. who gets to make this decisions (whether I’m developed or not)°. how athropologists think about “developemrnt?”°question the categories°get specific°use the “language of change”instead of “progress”°°“claim to citizenship” human beings (who are world citizens ……)°°EXAMPLE:°How MSU students think of future (the drawings we did on class)°°Using media as “data”°. metal mapping: resource participants draw maps or images thatsymbolize their thoughts.°. media analysis: uses “media”, like magazines, as data. Thesymbols used in media help provide information about the values andopinions of the author and/or audience.
°°Alexis Kagame on “the language of representation” he was aphilosopher, a ethnographer, a priest°“everyone is civilized is if you use the right language to representthem”°°the conclusion we take from the filmDark, Mysterious Austria is:youcan represent “anyone” as a dark mysterious savage, you just have to usethe right language.°°The anthropology of humor°“…humor marks the absurd. If you want to find out what is normaland what is impossible, listen to people laugh”°°3 things about structure°1- structure: ideas and institutions that organize and constrainhuman relationships.

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Term
Fall
Professor
m.moniruzzaman
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