Influences on the Founding of the United States of America POL/115 Version 2 1 University of Phoenix Material-Andrea Carson Influences on the Founding of the United States of America Part 1 Matrix: Complete each section of the matrix below. Include APA citations for all borrowed ideas, facts, or definitions. Documents Summary of Document What was this document’s significance or influence on the values of the American political culture or the ideas for the structure and organization of the U.S. Federal Government? Magna Carta From 1209 to 1215, a series of unsuccessful military campaigns abroad, high taxes at home and conflicts with Pope Innocent III had made King John of England very unpopular. Rebellious barons conspired to force King John into signing the Magna Carta. The document guaranteed freedom for the English Church, protection of the law for all free men and freedom from excessive fines and taxation The Magna Carta is one of the most important documents in history. It guaranteed the people certain rights, and bound the king to certain laws. At the time, England was mainly operated on a feudal system of land ownership. However, feudal lords and noblemen became angered when King John lost territory to the French. He also increased taxes and oppressed many of his people, arresting them without trials. Mayflower Compact On November 11, 1620, the Mayflower Compact was signed by 41 English colonists on the Mayflower was the first written framework of government established in what is now the United States. The Mayflower Compact was the first agreement for self- government to be created and enforced in America. On September 16, 1620 the Mayflower, a British ship, with 102 passengers, who called themselves Pilgrims, aboard sailed from Plymouth, England. Declaration of Independence Congress asked Thomas Jefferson and others to write a declaration of independence. They needed a document to declare why the colonies had to become independent of The Declaration of Independence has great significance to the American people because it is what led to our independence from King George III. The Declaration of Independence justified our right to revolt against a
Influences on the Founding of the United States of America POL/115 Version 2 2 Britain. In this document, Jefferson wrote what many Americans believed about their rights. Jefferson wrote that people have the right to live, the right to be free, and the right to seek happiness. The Declaration explains why the colonies should break away from Britain. It says that people have rights that cannot be taken away, lists the complaints against the king, and argues that the colonies must be free to protect the colonists’ rights. At the bottom of the document, the delegates signed their names.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 12 pages?
- Fall '15