final.docx - Rebecca YS Perez Prof Grenda History 23 23 May 2017 Final From the 1930s to the 1970s there was a political climate known as The Era of

final.docx - Rebecca YS Perez Prof Grenda History 23 23 May...

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Rebecca YS Perez Prof Grenda History 23 23 May 2017 Final From the 1930’s to the 1970’s there was a political climate known as The Era of Liberal Consensus. To understand what that meant for politics and the government the two must be understood separately first. Liberal has three key factors into its understanding; first, liberal ideas are rooted in the belief that The Great Depression showed the Free Market failed and the government must manage the nation’s resources for the economy to work. The second belief of liberalism is the government should provide Americans with various kinds of cash transfer programs. Aside from the domestic ideas, liberalism also encompasses a robust foreign policy using American resources to counter threats to the nation’s interest. In all the era was wrapped within the confidence that the US government can identify and solve social, economic, and political problems. Consensus is simply the vast majority of voters and leaders of both political parties believing in the same ideas. The beginning of The Era of Liberal Consensus began in 1930’s, and while there were major influencers the leader who is credited with the beginning of the era is President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945). This is mostly due to the great change that he made in government using the policies he enacted under the name The New Deal. The New Deal was the beginning of the great construction of the American Welfare State. Examples of domestic liberal ideas within FDR’s New Deal are easily seen in two policies; The Social Security Act (1935) and Public Works Projects (1933). Social Security Act, in its creation, encompassed three types of cash transfer programs; pension insurance, unemployment insurance, and survivor’s insurance. The Public Works Project, while temporary, were jobs given by the government for jobs such as
Civilian Conservation Corp (1933) to clean up forests and other public areas in a military style of training and Public Works Administration (PWA) (1933) for the construction of roads, dams, and other infrastructure. After his presidency, FDR had truly left behind a great new step for the progressive era with his New Deal policies, and they were extremely popular. In fact, following presidents such as Truman (D) (1945-1953) and Eisenhower (R) (1953-1961) even added to the ideas that FDR had built with their own policies. Truman had wanted to expand upon things such as employment, insurance, and social security. Truman had originally wanted to pass The Guaranteed National Health Insurance, which would promise a cash transfer system to help Americans afford their health care, but the bill was not passed in congress. Turman had also attempted to pass Guaranteed Full Employment, which would make programs such as FDR’s Public Works permanent fixtures, once more however this was not passed in congress. What

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